JOJ Urology & Nephrology is an Open Access, peer-reviewed international journal that provides current information of research, development and treatment aspects that are involved in the fields of urology and nephrology. Urology is the branch of medicine and physiology concerned with the function and disorders of the urinary system. Nephrology is the branch of medicine that deals with the physiology and diseases of the kidneys. JOJUN strongly encourages the use of real multidisciplinary approaches and analyses in the manuscripts submitted to the journal. Our main criteria for grading manuscripts are scientific originality and impact, as well as relevance to urology and nephrology, JOJUN accepts submissions of quality Research Papers, Review Articles, Case Reports, Short Communications, Mini- Reviews, Opinions, Letter to Editors etc. related to all aspects on basic research and clinical investigation of nephrology and urology on cellular, molecular, prevention, diagnosis, therapy and prognosis aspect.