Effect of Matrix Rhythm Therapy on Chronic Vein Dysfunction Deep Foot Ulcer: A Case Report
Musculoskeletal & Orthopaedics, Physiotherapist, St Marys & Almeida, India
Submission: October 10, 2018; Published: November 26, 2018
*Corresponding author: Ketan Bhatikar, Musculoskeletal & Orthopaedics, Physiotherapist, St Marys & Almeida, Goa, India.
How to cite this article: Ketan Bhatikar. Effect of Matrix Rhythm Therapy on Chronic Vein Dysfunction Deep Foot Ulcer: A Case Report. J Yoga & Physio.
2018; 6(5): 555696. DOI: 10.19080/JYP.2018.06.555696
There are many different noninvasive physical modalities in physiotherapy that are used in the treatment of wound ulcer. Foot ulcers are more difficult to treat in any patient. It is more difficult if the patient having any peripheral neuropathy and/or circulatory problems. In previous studies ultrasound, LASER and interferential current are proved to be beneficial in treating some foot. The present study addressed 2 deep vein ulcer of a 48 years old male at Dr. Ketan Bhatikar’s Sports Physiotherapy and Aqua Rehabilitation Center. To our knowledge, very fewer studies have focused on the effect of matrix rhythm therapy on wound/ ulcer. Therefore, in the present study, we evaluated the effect of matrix rhythm therapy along with the contemporary physiotherapy treatment (LASER + PEMF + Exercise). The study showed positive results in treating the deep vein ulcers. The present study concludes that Matrix Rhythm Therapy along with the Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy and LASER therapy is beneficial in the healing of a long-standing non-healing deep vein ulcer.
A deep foot ulcer is an open sore on the foot that extends from superficial skin to the full thickness of the skin and may involve tendons, bones and other deep structures . It is more likely seen in people with poor circulation and hence difficult to heal. The majority (60-80%) of foot ulcers heal, while 10-15% of them will remain active, and 5-24% of them will finally lead to limb amputations . If the ulcer is not treated in the right way then there are more chances of infecting this ulcer and leading to an abscess, cellulitis, gangrene or bone infections like osteomyelitis. Foot ulcers are difficult to treat in any patient and it is more difficult having any peripheral neuropathy, circulatory problems, abnormality of bones or muscles, atherosclerosis, Raynaud’s phenomenon etc. If it not treated on time it may further lead to amputation . Neuropathic wounds heal over a period of 20 weeks, while neuroischemic ulcers take longer duration and will more often lead to limb amputation . The prevention of diabetic foot is crucial, considering the negative impact on a patient’s quality of life and the associated economic burden on the healthcare system .
There are many different physical modalities used in the treatments of wound ulcer like Electrical stimulation therapy, Variety of foot protective devices (water filled and tied gloves), high voltage, pulse galvanic electrical stimulation, thermotherapy, laser, magnetotherapy, transcutaneous oxygen partial pressure, ultrasound, extracorporeal shockwave therapy, whole body vibration, and electrotherapy [6-9].
Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy (PEMF) is a non-invasive, painless treatment for various injuries, bone-related conditions, depression and pains. A solenoid place in the machine works by emitting a pulsating, varying intensity and frequency electromagnetic field around the patient. Many research findings have shown a positive effect in wound healing . A study in 1998 monitored in vitro by using human umbilical vein and bovine aortic endothelial cells, the effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on the repopulation rate of denuded regions of endothelial cell monolayers and on endothelial cell reorganization into complex vessel-like structures. A small (20-40%) but a statistically significant enhancement in the growth rate of denuded endothelial cell monolayers was observed in the presence of pulsed electromagnetic fields. The study cited discrete stages of neovascularization which were observed in the presence of the field that was qualitatively similar to stages of angiogenesis that observed in vivo .
Low-level laser therapy (spectral range 630-1000nm) is the most commonly used treatment modalities for any condition conditions that require stimulation of healing, relief of pain and inflammation, and restoration of function . The laser is known to supply direct biostimulative light energy to body cells. The absorbed laser energy stimulates molecules and atoms of cells but does not cause the rapid or significant increase in tissue temperature . Different laser wavelengths have different depths of penetration into human tissue as the Red laser has a
deeper penetration depth than violet, blue, green, or yellow.
Infrared and near-infrared light is not visible, but it has been
demonstrated that laser penetrates human tissue deeper than
visible red light .
Matrix Rhythm Therapy, developed by Dr. Ulrich G. Randoll
is an important innovation in the effective treatment and
prevention of a wide variety of medical conditions, especially in
microcirculation and those including illnesses of the nervous and
musculoskeletal system .
To our knowledge, very fewer studies till now have focused on
the effect of matrix rhythm therapy on wound/ ulcer. Therefore,
in the present study, we evaluated the effect of matrix rhythm
therapy along with the contemporary physiotherapy treatment
(LASSER + PEMF + Exercise) (Figure 1).
A case of 48 years old male was presented with two wound
ulcers ranging 3.8x2x2cm and 2.4x2.1x1.8cm width x breath x
depth respectively. The patient was having no history of diabetes
or hypertension. Patient reports confirmed that the patient was
having an arterial block in the right femoral artery 3 years back.
After the operation patient started experiencing a gradual increase
in right lower limb muscle weakness and pain. The patient also
developed knee stiffness in the right knee joint as the patient
was adapted to heel raise high stoppage gait to avoid heel pain.
The patient then developed the ulcer which was nonfoul smelling
and non-healing in nature. The patient consulted varies medical
treatment but found no relief. This had a significant financial
impact on patients’ quality of life. The patient so consulted to
physiotherapy option at Dr. Ketan Bhatikar’s Sports Physiotherapy
and Aqua Rehabilitation Center.
As the patient was recruited to the study he was advised not
to go for any other medical interventions. Patients inform consent
was signed and treatment session was started. In the present
study patient was treated with matrix rhythm therapy for 45
minutes on regular sessions continued for 20 days and alternate
sessions for 20 sessions. Matrix rhythm therapy was given by
a single therapist in medium frequency on the sole of the foot
directed towards the edges of the wound ulcer and to the calf
muscle in the prone position. The patient was treated for pain by
pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy for all the sessions.
The laser was given for 20 minutes on the open wound for all the
sessions. Pre and post wound healing data and heel pain were
recorded by the diabetic foot ulcer scale (DFS) questionnaire.
DFS is a specific instrument designed to assess the impact of
foot ulcers and their treatment on quality of life in people with
Recent studies have proved numerous physical modalities
used in the treatment of ulcer in physical therapy. Soft tissue
techniques, ultraviolet rays, ultrasound, ionozone therapy,
electrical stimulation, radiant heat, pulsed electromagnetic field
therapy, hydrotherapy etc. But even after many types of research
in multidisciplinary care systems for ulcers, treatment is still
difficult and treatment results are often unsatisfactory .
In the present study, pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF)
therapy along with LASER showed beneficiary effects in healing a
chronic long-standing foot ulcer. PEMF results in promoting healing
by potentially increasing collagen synthesis, angiogenesis, and
bacteriostasis. Similarly, a study was done to examine the effects
of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy for promoting
the healing and microcirculation of chronic diabetic foot ulcers.
This study had 7 subjects in the PEMF group and 6 subjects in
the control group. Study assessment on wound closure wound
depth, and microcirculation was performed at the baseline, end
of the treatment period, and 1-month follow-up. The PEMF group demonstrated an 18% decrease in wound size, 28% increase in
cutaneous capillary blood velocity and 14% increase in capillary
diameter. In conclusion, PEMF therapy seemed to accelerate
wound healing and improve microcirculation . A study was
done to assess the efficacy of low-intensity laser therapy (LILT) on
the wound healing. 130 subjects were enrolled for the study and
after randomization, the subjects were allocated to control and
experimental groups each consisting of 65 subjects. 3 weeks of
the study included laser therapy for group A and dressing for the
control group. The study concluded that LILT has better healing
of pressure ulcers when compared to the conventional wound
A study done to examine and compare the effect of massage
and matrix rhythm therapy in young women on the peripheral
blood circulation applied MRT to the left lower extremity for
a single 30-minute session. The study concluded that after
matrix rhythm therapy and massage application, blood velocity,
artery diameter, and blood flow in arteries increased than did
massage. The average increases in the blood flow rates in the
popliteal and the posterior tibial arteries were 25.29%±16.55%
and 34.33%±15.66%, respectively. This suggests that matrix
Rhythm Therapy can help in better blood circulation at any kind
of wound . The above explanation holds good for the healing
of the wound in the present study, as may be due to the batter
and increased blood circulation around the ulcer wound at the
38th sessions the mid-foot ulcer was almost healed and the heel
ulcer was 1.8x 0.5x 0.5cm width x breath x depth, Matrix-Rhythm-
Therapy has a lasting effect on the cell matrix as well as on the
extracellular matrix when applied from the exterior. It creates
mechanical and magnetic vibrations according to the body’s
own characteristic micro-vibrations. It also does stimulation of
the physiological and neuron receptors. Thus, it can indeed help
to optimize the healing processhtt . Another study stated a
significant increase in the range of motion and sensory function
at pre-treatment according to post-treatment (p < 0.01) after the
application of MRT in Subjects with burns .
In the present study, we evaluated the effect of Matrix Rhythm
Therapy along with the Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy and
LASER therapy that found to be beneficial in the healing of a longstanding
nonhealing wound ulcer. As this was a case report a
detailed research with more number of subjects should be carried
out to see the cost effect and effect of the physical modalities on
the Wound or non-healing ulcers.