Positioning Regarding Type 2 Diabetes Reversibility under Unconventional Treatment. What about Genetic and Vitamin Status of Patients?
Belazzouz Abderrahmen Youssouf*
Internal Medicine Department, Sisters Bedj Hospital, Algeria
Submission: September 09, 2019; Published: November 19, 2019
*Corresponding author: Belazzouz Abderrahmen Youssouf, Internal Medicine Department, Sisters Bedj Hospital, City 42 log N37 Chettia Chlef, Algeria
How to cite this article: Belazzouz Abderrahmen Youssouf. Screening Diabetic Retinopathy by smartphone, which adapter to choose? Algerian model (Youssouf Dr Model). 2019; 12(3): 555838. DOI:10.19080/CRDOJ.2019.12.555838
A great controversy has emerged recently regarding the effectiveness of unconventional therapies such as: bariatric surgery, intermittent fasting and their ability to cure type 2 diabetes versus the conventional approaches that accompany diabetic patient throughout his life with the need for a therapeutic escalation. Nevertheless, three facts are missing in this approach, the first is the little step back with it especially on the cardiovascular prognosis and the second is the application on pathology such as type2 diabetes so heterogeneous that the therapeutic response can’t be extrapolates. Finally, what is the frequency and severity of subsequent recurrences of diabetes? And will this approach still be as effective? Hence the interest of taking into account two essential aspects before starting this process, the genetic status that modulates the therapeutic response whether for the classical or contemporary approach and which will be necessary to establish a score in order to select the responders to this approach. And vitamin status especially since this new therapeutic method is based primarily on weight loss and all that goes with vitamin losses that may trigger a cascade of subclinical atherosclerosis maintained despite the reversibility of diabetes.
The number of diabetic type 2 is increasing exponentially is going to be 642milions in 2040 . Who says an increase in the number says an excess of marketing anti diabetic drugs.
In everyday clinical practice, it is well known that type 2 diabetes responds differently to conventional treatment (oral anti diabetic drugs and insulin) . This variable therapeutic response depends on several factors such as BMI, treatment adherence but above all a genetic determinant . Recent studies have shown the reversibility of type 2 diabetes after some unconventional therapeutic procedures such as bariatric surgery and intermittent fasting , knowing that both procedures will lead to this cure through weight loss.
Nevertheless it was necessary to point out two important aspects which are the genetic and vitamin status of diabetics included in these studies. In fact, these approaches, with an imminent short-term exploit illustrated by type 2 diabetes reversibility, do not make it possible to exclude a stronger recurrence of his diabetes or the onset of subclinical atherosclerosis that will interact with time and worsen despite the reversibility of diabetes. In fact, in a similar way to the therapeutic response of conventional approaches, a variable response to the unconventional approach will be predictable, whether it be in the short term that will depend mainly on the genetic status but also on the BMI and the pancreatic beta cell pool. In the long term, it is necessary to take more precaution in this type of therapeutic approach which depends on the vitamin status.
Recently a new pathological entity has emerged is the infra clinical deficit vitamin B12 that is common in diabetics . Clinically defined by the absence of hematologic or neurological signs, biochemically by a vitamin B12 (119-186) pmol / l; homocysteine (13.6-19.2) umol / l .
Hyperhomocysteine has recently emerged as a risk factor for macro angiopathy with diabetic cardiovascular complications. This deficiency has recently been linked to the conventional therapeutic approach of taking metformin and oral anti diabetic drugs . Nevertheless, the unconventional approach also leads to vitamin deficits through weight loss. So even after
diabetes cure, if the atherosclerosis process has been triggered
maintenance does not necessarily require the persistence of
hyperglycemia, moreover, studies have shown that pre diabetes
and diabetes give both cardiovascular complications .
For all new therapies against diabetes, two conditions are
required: safety on the cardiovascular system and efficacy. If
this new approach (bariatric surgery and fasting) has been
able to establish its effectiveness superior to the conventional
approach. Cardiovascular prognosis remains a topic of debate,
taking into account the vitamin and genetic status seems a
necessity and studies on a large number of patients and longer
follow-up should be required before extrapolating this practice
which seems promising but uncertain cardiovascular prognosis.
Belazzouz Abderahman Youssouf, Boudiba Aissa, Azzouz Malha (2018) Infra-Clinical Vitamin B12 Deficiency and Microangiopathic Profile, is this a New Risk Factor in Type 2 Diabetics? Algerian Experience. Int J Diabetes Metab Disord 3(1): 1-4.