Compatibility of Different Composite Shades
with VITA Shade Guide
Ali A Razooki Al-Shekhli* and Israa A AlAyoobi
Ajman University, UAE
Submission: October 15, 2018; Published: November 15, 2018
*Corresponding author: Ali A Razooki Al-Shekhli, Deputy Dean & Associate Prof College of Dentistry, Ajman University, UAE.
How to cite this article: E Gamble,Ali A Razooki Al-Shekhli, Israa A AlAyoobi. Compatibility of Different Composite Shades with VITA Shade Guide. Adv Dent & Oral
Health. 2018; 10(1): 555776. DOI: 10.19080/ADOH.2018.10.555776
Objective: The demand for esthetic restorations has increased over the past years, and one the most common esthetic restorations used are composite resin, therefore new dental composites are continuously being introduced by manufacturers in order to improve the esthetic quality of dental fillings. The aim of this study was to measure the compatibility of different composite shades of some dental composites with electronic VITA shade guide.
Materials and Method: Two shades of three different brands of dental composites were selected in this study A1 & A3.5: Composan LCM A1, Composan LCM A3.5, IvoclarVivadent A1, IvoclarVivadent A3.5, OliREVO A1, OliREVO A3.5. 10 samples were prepared from each composite shade (total of 60 samples) and cured for 40 seconds. The samples made into round disk shape with dimensions of 5x2 mm. Shade measurement was done using a spectrophotometer “VITA EASYSHADE V”electronic VITA shade guide. Data were analyzed using percentage of error method.
Results:Composan LCM shades were the least compatible with VITA shade guide, on the other hand OliREVO composite showed intermediate compatibility, while TetricEvoCreamIvoClar-Vivadent had showed the highest compatibility with VITA shade guide.
Conclusion: Composition and translucency of dental composite may affect their shades and compatibility with VITA Shade guide. Also, some manufacturers may have used different shade guide systems other than VITA shade guide (s) to measure the shades of their products.
Composite is defined as a combination of two or more materials that results in a material with better properties and characteristics . The demand for esthetic restorations has increased over the past years and one the most common esthetic restorations used are composite resin . New dental composites are continuously being introduced by manufacturers in order to improve the esthetic quality of dental filling.
One of the major challenges of esthetic dentistry is to achieve a perfect color match between the natural tooth and the restoration . First previous studies demonstrated that visual shade matching is subjective , and the results vary among the observers and within the individual observer. Secondly, the light source influences shade matching because of the spectralcomposition of the light reflecting off an object affects the perceived color as a result of the Metamerism . Third, shade guides are not uniformly distributed in the CIELAB color space and do not cover the entire range of natural tooth shades .Finally, enamel translucency and the polychromatic nature of dentin interact to produce depth of shade that is difficult to characterize .Therefore there have been great improvements in shades guides, shade taking devices, and researches in the area of human color vision have improved
the potential of achieving excellent color matched restoration in order to overcome this challenge . The aim of this study was to measure the compatibility of different composite shades of some dental composites with electronic VITA shade guide.
Three different composite brands were selected for this study, two shades from each (total of 6 tubes): Composan LCM A1, Composan LCM A3.5, IvoclarVivadent A1, IvoclarVivadent A3.5, OliREVO A1 and OliREVO A3.5. 10 composite specimens were
prepared from each composite shade (n=10) using a standard
Teflon mold with dimensions of 5 mm in diameter and 2mm in
thickness (total of 60 samples were prepared) Figure 1.
Composite was placed inside the Teflon mold and then
pressed firmly against two glass slides, then each sample was light
cured for 40 seconds using Ivoclar Bluephase light curing unit (20
seconds on each side) Figure 2.
The shade of each specimen was then measured using
EasyShade VITA electronic shade guide and the results were
recorded Figure 3. Then the Data (shades) obtained by the shade
guide were converted to a numerical value by assuming a number
equivalent to the corresponding shade according to the Table 1.
In this study, we found that, two composite brands were
not compatible with the VITA shade guide (Composan LCM and
OliREVO), as some differences were seen in matching with VITA
standard, between different groups of the same shades and
within the same groups andthis finding might be attributed to the
difference in their composition as one previous study  confirms
that different filler type resin composites showed different color
characteristics, reflectance and L*a*b* distribution.Also,
the fact that the composite bulk which is at the tips inside the composite tubes is usually dryer than the bulk which is found in
the middle of the tube and this factor may have also affected the
According to some previous studies [9,11], characteristics
of light transmittance and their influence on the color of various
shades of resin composite had been evaluated indicating that, light
transmittance characteristics play an important role in the final
color of the resin composites, therefore the inherent translucency
of resin composite may contribute to shade matching in our
study. Other factors like thickness of the specimen may influence
the depth to which light emitted by the shade measuring device
can reach before reflecting to the device. The specific time of the
day or the room lighting environment during which the shade
selection was done may have a great impact on shade matching/
measuring . In this study, some of the composite groups
were incompatible with VITA shade guide, but other shades or
brands may be compatible, so further studies concerning this
field is needed. Finally, we can agree on the fact that there are no
standardized international guidelines to which dental composite
manufacturers to follow in fabricating their products particularly
regarding the shade.