Yogic cleansing processes are getting slowly good importance as a therapy in the treatment of Asthma [1,2]. Hypertension, Insomnia, Hyperacidity, and Chronic cold & cough and various other malfunctions of the organic systems of human being. These are often called as Six (Sathe) Kriyas or Karmas, or Sadhana Kriyas, or Siddhi Kriyas for Nadim Siddhi, Ghatam Suddhi, Mala
Siddhi, Prana Siddhi, and later on Chita Siddhi. They work at different levels in different Kriyas. Initially they do de-condition the wrong habits and recondition the internal systems. This idea is brought out in one of the traditional texts of Yoga, Gheada Samhita . Gheada muni says about Seven objectives of yoga to take care of individual physical body (Ghatam) They are achieved by practicing respectively: (Figure 1).
Hatha Pradipika mentions the utility of these six cleansing processes even to get rid of corpulence, disorders of phlegm and other impurities. Dhauti being the first one, let us have some idea about Danda Dhauti techniques and its advantages. There are four dhautis which come under Hrddhauti. Danda Dhauti is one of them and is a combination of two words namely “Danda” and “Dhauti” meaning a stalk and to clean respectively. The root √Dhu refers to clean. It helps to clear the upper part of the body above the naval region. The traditional text, Gheranda Samhita  says:
jEHkkn.Ma gfjn~n.Ma os=kn.Ma rFkSo p A
g`Ue/; s pkyf;Rok rq iqu% izR;kgjsPNuS% AA ¼ G.S.:1:36½
It means that one must move a plantain or a turmeric stalk or a cane stalk in the mouth and slowly drawn in and out for taking out the phlegm, bile and also other impurities through the mouth. In the orthodox system, the above things were used as the “Dandi”. They were specially prepared before use. They were smoothened in one end and made into fine brush by chewing it and finally cleaned. It was then passed through the food pipe with a swallowing action and gently taken out from the mouth. During these processes, all the internal contents were taken out with reflex action. But in this modern age, the process including the “Dandi” is modified. Swami Kalayaan developed this for the first time to use the rubber tube as dana which can be sterilized in boiling water.
An Indian rubber tube of about 90cms. long and of 0.5cms. in
bore is used in place of these stalks. The ends of soft rubber tube
are rubbed on the sand paper or on a stone to make it smooth
so as to reduce the pricking sensation at the mouth while
inserting it. Before it is used it is boiled for 5 minutes in a pan
containing water. The water may be mixed, with a little common
salt. After making the water little cool, the “Dandi” is taken out
and a few glasses of water from the same water are taken in.
The tube is passed through the mouth slowly with a swallowing
action right up to its ¾ length and the remaining ¼ of its length
approximately is kept out of the mouth and is being held by the
hands. Initially the whole part of the tube may or may not be
taken in by a beginner. It may take 15 to 20 days and even more
depending on the nature of personality. Once the tube is taken in,
the practitioner bends forward a little so that the level of inside
tube end remains in a greater height than the outside tube end.
One then starts inhaling and exhaling from the nostril for a few
seconds. These actions help to bring out the water along with
other mucus and impurities based on symphonic principle. This
completes the technique of Dandi Dhatu with the Indian rubber
There are certain salient points, which are to be kept in mind
before one goes for Dandi Dhatu practice. Dos and Don’ts (Table
It helps to have control over autonomic and proprioceptor
Neuro-muscular systems. It helps to balance the Dhatu Vairagya.
It controls over the different reflexes at the abdomin-visceral level
voluntarily. The Dandi Dhatu specially increases the Urosepsis
and adreno-cortical activity, which help to treat Asthma patients
[1,2]. It decreases the secretion of free acids and increases the
secretion of combined acid and particularly all Dhatus help a
lot to prepare a good basis for pranayama practice .