Carlos Alberto Kelencz*, Edivane dos Santos Araújo, Bruno Alves da Silva, Jonatha Feliciano Costa, Gustavo Fiais da Rocha and Ligia da Silva Oliveira
Centro Universitaro íÍtalo Brasileiro -Uniítalo - São Paulo - Brazil
Submission: October 10, 2018; Published: March 28, 2019
*Corresponding author: Carlos Alberto Kelencz, Centro Universitaro íÍtalo Brasileiro -Uniítalo - São Paulo - Brazil
How to cite this article: Carlos A K, Edivane S A, Bruno A S, Jonatha F C, Gustavo F R, et al. Use of Leg Press 45º to Improve Leg Implusion. J Yoga & Physio. 2019; 7(1): 555703. DOI: 10.19080/JYP.2019.07.555703
The purpose of this study was to analyse “Leg Press 45º “ and experimentally demonstrate if it is efficient in developing lower limb strength and improving vertical thrust. As an instrument of evaluation, the vertical impulse tests with two variables, horizontal impulse test, maximum load test, body weight and circumference measurements. Tests were applied to twenty students of the Physical Education Course of the University of Santo Amaro, aged between 21 and 30 years. They performed two weekly sessions of the Leg Press 45º exercise every other day during a two-month period. The Methodology demonstrated that there was increase of force, as well as improvement of the vertical impulse. Therefore, it can be concluded that the Leg Press 45º can be used not only to improve lower limbs strength but also for people who need improvement of vertical impulsion.
Keywords: Leg press 45º; Vertical impulsion; Body building
The lower limbs have the largest muscles in our body, and we might also say the most important ones because we need them to carry us through life. With aging, the muscles tend to lose weight and muscle strength. This biological reality can be aggravated by lack of exercise. AS human locomotion is a constant during our existence, the search for exercises that strengthen the lower limbs grew constantly. The ones that offer better Methodology in this sense are: “Squat” and “Leg Press”. We know that both have very similar muscular actions, but even so, it cannot be said with certainty which one is the most efficient both to increase the perimeters of the lower limbs and develop strength. For this study we chose to use the Leg Press 45º as a very good and effective option to strengthen the lower limbs. The present study aims to experimentally demonstrate whether Leg Press 45º can help increase leg strength and also improve vertical thrust.
“Leg Press” as it is known, is one of the bodybuilding exercises that develops the thighs as well as the glutes. This exercise is performed on guided devices, in which the load is placed on a holder that runs on rails. Executed with the column fully supported on the seat, it allows the back to be isolated. This favours its execution by people with back problems, since the load does not affect their backs. There are three types of machines: horizontal leg press, vertical leg press and leg press 45º.The “Leg Press” 45º, which is the most popular and comfortable, is the interest of this research. Its weight support runs on a guide at a 45° angle to the ground. The seat also has
an inclination of 45º, but in the opposite direction to that of the
guide. The execution and breathing are the same as the previous ones. It offers more variations for foot positioning because its support platform is bigger than the others.
The name Leg Press stands for “pressure in the legs,” and the designation (45°) is linked to the fact that the angle between the ground line and the weight shift of the resultant shaft in the machine forms an exact angle of forty-five degrees (45°) of inclination. The hips and knees extension are needed in the execution of many basic skills such as: jumping, kicking, running, lifting and pulling weights. The combination of hip and knee extension is one of the most important actions in sports activities, specifically in many jumping gestures (high jump, long jump, basketball hooping, jumping to block and cut in volleyball, running and in lifting weights  The muscle action in the “Leg Press” is very similar to that of “Squats”. The only difference observed is that the erector spines do not participate in the actions because they are totally isolated throughout the movement [2,3].
In a kinesiological analysis, a biarticular movement of knees and hips that extend and flex in the plane and sagittal axis of movement, where the quadriceps is the primary motor muscle, secondarily aided by the gluteus maximus is considered. The antagonistic muscle is the tibialis-ischium . The initial position of the exercise is when knees and hips are flexed, and the final position is when the knees and hips are extended . The efficiency of vertical jumping is imperative for athletes of various sports. Studies show that subjects who performed activities with muscular power (jumps and speed races) were more successful in vertical jump, when compared to weight lifters and physically
active individuals, consequently, those who presented better
performance owed it to a longer phase duration [6-9].
The research was carried out at Campus I of the University of
Santo Amaro UNISA, located at Rue ENEA’s de Siqueira Net, 340
- Jardim das Imbuias - Santo Amaro, SP Students of the Physical
Education course, aged between 21 and 30 years, participated
in the experiment, all healthy and practicing bodybuilding.
Before starting the experiment, all volunteers were informed
of all the research procedures and signed a free and informed
consent form. Individuals underwent vertical thrust tests (two
variables), with and without the use of arms. These data were
recorded in the individual and horizontal control card. In order
to determine the load (weight)to be used by each individual,
the maximum load test was performed [10,11]. They performed
their exercises at 70% of their maximum load [12-15].
The average result of the maximum load retest for individuals
who used the “Leg Press”, had a 23.2%± 6.2% improvement of
strength development in average. The mean result in the vertical
push retest, without the aid of the arms, showed a significant
improvement in vertical impulsion of 17.7%±5%. The average
result in vertical jumping retest with the aid of arms, also showed
a significant improvement in vertical jumping of 18.6±3.6%.
The result of the retest of the circumference of the calf muscles,
showed an almost insignificant improvement, 1.1%±0.8%. Regarding the body weight of the subjects participating in the
research, the following results were observed, 1.1%±0.4%. With
the results presented, it was possible to observe that the leg
press exercise, leads to a better use of concentric contractions
preceded by muscle stretching [16,17]. A factor to be considered
in the improvement of vertical impulsion might be attributed to
neural adaptations [18,19].
Based on the results presented, we concluded that the use
of the Leg Press was efficient to improve the strength of the
lower limbs as well as to increase their circumference. As for
the improvement of vertical impulsion with and without the
aid of the arms, a significant increase was observed since this
exercise can be safely used by anyone who needs to improve
vertical thrust. These results may be of great importance as
complementary training in different sports involving vertical
González-Badillo JJ (2000) Tendencias actuales en la investigación de las capacidades condicionales en Alto Rendimiento Deportivo. 1º Curso de Doctorado. Universidad Castilla-la Mancha Toledo.
Häkkinen K, Komi PV (1985) Effect of explosive type strength training on electromyographic and force production characteristics of leg extensor muscles during concentric and various stretch-shortening cycle exercises. Scand J Sports Sci 7(2): 65-76.