Comparative Study about the Quality of
Life Between Women practicing Jazz
Dance at Sesi-SP and Sedentary Elderly Women
Marijalma de Lima Araújo1, Eduardo Filoni2 and Aline Priscila Pansani*3
1 Degree in Physiotherapy at Universidade de Mogi das Cruzes, Brazil
2 Associate Professor at Universidade de Mogi das Cruzes, Department of Physiotherapy, Brazil
3 Associate Professor at Universidade Federal de Goiás, Department of Physiological Sciences, Brazil
Submission: May 22, 2018;Published: November 19, 2018
*Corresponding author: Aline Priscila Pansani, PhDDepartamento de Ciências Fisiológicas, ICB II,Universidade Federal de Goiás, Campus II, Goiânia, Brazil.
How to cite this article: Marijalma de Lima Araújo, Eduardo Filoni, Aline Priscila Pansani. Comparative Study about the Quality of Life Between Women
practicing Jazz Dance at Sesi-SP and Sedentary Elderly Women. J Yoga & Physio. 2018; 6(4): 555695. DOI: 10.19080/JYP.2018.06.555695
This study aimed to compare Quality of Life (QOL) of women who practice Jazz compared to sedentary women, in the Sports Center-414 SESI in São Paulo - SP. We carried out a cross-sectional study, with women between 50-85 years old, into two groups: Active Group (AG, n=14) and Sedentary Group (SG, n=14). QOL was analyzed by the SF-36. The AG had a significant improve in 6 domains of SF-36 compared to SG (p<0.05). The results of this study suggest an improvement in the QOL of practitioners of jazz, especially in the physical and emotional aspects, compared to sedentary women..
Keywords: Physical activity;Quality of life;Women
Abbrevations: QOL:Quality of Life; AG: Active Women; SG: Sedentary Women; ABESO: Associação Brasileira para o Estudo da Obesidade e da Síndrome Metabólica; BMI: Body Mass Index
Physical Activity is very important to heath in general. There are strong evidences showing that, in the middle-aged people, exercises are beneficial since they increase the quality of life (QOL) and decrease the stress of daily life.
Throughout the literature there are studies which investigate the conditions that enableclimacteric elderly women to get a good QOL. These studies are very useful to our society, since they provide significant information that can be used to improve the welfare in the middle-age[1-4].Galvão, Farias, Azevedo, Vilar, & Azevedo verified that the prevalence of common mental disorders is higher in a sample of climacteric women and it was associated with negative repercussion about their QOL. In this scenario, the practice of physical activity can be a good choice, since physical activity has positive effects on the emotional state .
Due to population aging, even more researchers and professionals are interested in studying the QOL of in elderly people, since there are higher incidences of comorbidities responsible for impairment in physical, psychological and social functions. The actual challenge is not just have a longest life but it is do it with quality of life.
Sebastião, Hamanaka, Gobbi, &Gobbi, showed an there are an evident improvement in motor and psychosocial functions by physical activities during aging stages, and this is widespread and accepted in the academic community. However, dance is a particular physical activity that is not frequently related in scientific articles in a specific way. Therefore, studies that demonstrate how it is possible to introduce dance as an alternative to other types of treatments are very important. In this way, dance brings the benefits to women over 50 years old such as the improvement in physical and functional abilities, the inclusion in relationship groups and improvement in their socialization and self-esteem .
In theselines, the study of Rabelo&Neri indicates that low levels of health in the middle-age are associated with high levels of depression and anxiety, as well as low levels of life satisfaction and welfare. This is closed relatedto the difficulty of elderly people in accomplishing daily activities due to physical problems, which also cause troubles in social relationships and in maintenance of autonomy, impairing emotional health . On the other hand, physical exercises are a great manner to achieve improvement on QOL because it promotes release of prejudice and complexes,c especially when it is practiced in group, providing integration of
the subject in the society.
Therefore, due to the decreasing in QOL during the aging and
due to the increasing of the elderly population, studies aimed to
insert proposals to improve the QOL are necessary. Besides, as
physical activity promotes the improvement in people’s physical
and psychological condition, it is pertinent to evaluate the role
of physical activity in QOL of middle-aged women. In this sense,
this current paper aimed to make a comparison of QOL between
middle-aged women that practice jazz and those that are
We performed a cross-sectional study at SESI - Sports Center,
in São Paulo - SP, in order to compare QOL between women
practicing jazz and sedentary women.The age group includes
women from 50 to 85 years old corresponding to middle age and
elderly, both in climacteric period. These women were separated
into 2 groups: the group of active women (AG) consisted of 14
attending SESI Sports Center chosen randomly in jazz room during
the dance class; and the group of sedentary women (SG) consisted
of 14 women, who did not practice physical activities, chosen
randomly in the neighborhood community of Vila Leopoldina - SP.
The inclusion criterion of women for the AG was the practice
of physical activity at least 6 months sequential. Women who
declined to participate in the research and who were absent in
80% of the monthly classes were excluded from the group.Women
who did not practice any physical activity for at least 12 months
were included in SG. Participants who declined to participate
in the research or who had diseases that compromised their
movement and activity were excluded from this group.
This project was approved by ethical committee of University
of Mogi das Cruzes- São Paulo- Brazil (protocol # 215.539). The
volunteers for this research signed a free and informed term
of consent and answered a questionnaire containing personal
information and an anamnesis elaborated by the researchers.
Also, a digital scale was used to check the body weight and a tape
measure was used to verify the volunteers’ height.
In order to analyze the QOL rate a SF-36 (Short Form Health
Survey) questionnaire was applied. SF-36 is a questionnaire
consisting of two parts: the first one intends to analyze health
condition (the questions are related to physical mobility, pain,
sleep, energy, social isolation and emotional reactions) and the
second part aims to evaluate the impact of diseases in patient’s
daily life. This questionnaire presents a final score from 0 to 100,
where 0 corresponds to the worst general health condition and
100 corresponds to the best health condition [10,11].Data were
analyzed descriptively and the analysis between the groups was
made by t-Student, Two-way ANOVA, followed by a Bonferroni
post hoc and Fisher’s exact test, using the software GraphPad
Prism 5. The level of significance was established in 5%. The
results were expressed as mean and standard deviation.
A total of 28 (N = 14 for AG and N = 14 for SG) women were
interviewed and answered the SF-36 questionnaire. Concerning
the SF-36 questionnaire domains, AG presented a significantly
higher score than SG in six out of eight assessed domains, which
were: physical aspect, pain, general health condition, vitality,
social and emotional aspects as it is shown in Figure 1.
The age of volunteers ranged from 50 to 81 years old. The
age in SG was 59 ± 9 years and in the AG was 65 ± 8. The weight
and BMI values of AG were lower than SG, however, no significant
difference was found. BMI was classified according to the Brazilian
Directives of Obesity (2009/2010) . There was no difference
between both groups concerning the BMI classification, although
SG presented a greater number of obese women than AG (Table 1).
Mean ± SD. Test t-Student.* P<0.05. BMI classification shows absolute
and relative frequency.
The SG has higher scholarity than AG. Besides, the majority
of women in AG wasmarried (57%) whereas in the SG women
were equally divided into married, widowed and divorced (29%
each). In the AG, most of women (58%) lived with their husbands and children, whereas in SG the majority of women lived just with
their children (42%), as showed in Table 2.When focusing on
smoking, none of the AG participants were smoker while 21% of
women in SG were smokers.
Data shows absolute and relative frequency.
Another evaluated point was related to the volunteer’s
occupations. Thus, 86% of women from AG were retired or were
housewives, whereas 50% of women from SG were retired or
housewives and the other 50% had professional activities outside
their houses (cook, merchant, advertising executive, housekeeper,
designer, analyst and businesswoman).
The studied group was consisted of 28 women: 14 of them
waspracticing jazz and the other 14 did not practice any type
of physical activity. The volunteers who agreed to answer the
questionnaire had a satisfactory health condition and the average
age of women from AG (65 years) was higher than SG (60 years).
In this study, there was no significant difference between
the GA and GS groups concerning the BMI. Both groups had
average BMI values that are in transition between normal body
composition and overweight. According to our data, confirmed
that in postmenopausal women, who have osteoporosis or not,
there are no significant differences between the groups regarding
the height and body mass index (BMI) values.The main result of
this study was that jazz practice improves the QOL in climacteric
women. The AG presented a higher score than SG in six out of
eight domains assessed.Pimenta et al. observed the physical
and emotional aspects in middle- aged women and verified an
improvement of QOL in 5 domains out of 8, which were: functional
ability, general health condition, vitality, social aspects and mental
health. In the current study it an improvement was observed in 6
domains of this questionnaire, and 3 of them are in consonance
with the results obtained in the research above mentioned, that
are: general health condition, vitality and social aspects. However,
besides the domains already cited, it was observed in this study
an improvement of QOL in other 3 domains in AG group: physical
activity, pain and emotional aspects. The higher QOL in AG
compared to SG, cannot be just because of physical activity practice,
but also to other aspects, since in AG the majority of women have
no professional activities, which could imply in reduce stress
due to double shift. Furthermore, it is relevant thatnowoman in
AG group was smoker, which may reflect a positive incentive to
practice physical activity; besides, the practice of healthy habits
is suitable for health, producing better cardiac and pulmonary
response levels in addition to the QOL improvement .
Concerning the level of education, the AG group had a better
QOL in spite of most of women had lesser scholarity than SG. This
data is in disagreement with studies conducted byGalvão et al.
, who analyzed QOL in middle-aged women, andReis &Glashan
, who verified QOL using SF-36 in hypertensive middle-aged
women. Those studies indicated an improvement of QOL with
a higher scholarity level[5,14]. This discrepancy may reflect a
positive effect of isolated physical activity on QOL, independently
of educational level. Another possible explanation is related to
the stress caused by the double shift, because half of women from
GS had a professional activity, differently from GA group where
women were retired or housewives.
This assumption can be confirmed through the study
ofLipp&Tanganelli , who verified how the professional stress
affect negatively in the quality of life of justice magistrates, mainly
women. That study suggests that the triple shift is one of the main
contributors to increase the level of pathologic stress causing a
decrease in hours of sleeping and, consequently, several health
According toMarín Mejía , working overburden may
cause displeasure at work, distress and low self-esteem. This
overburden condition may bring negative effects to physical
and mental health. Thus, the dancing practice is pointed as a
therapy to improve people’s functional, emotional and physical
conditions, as well as enhance their ability to interaction with
other people.Furthermore, the QOL perception is influenced
positively by the physical activity practice. The analysis of
influence of physical activity in QOL perception, both in women
who practice and who do not practice physical activity and dance
revealed that this perception was greater in women who practice
a physical activity.
Thus, several factors may be related to the QOL improvement
in women who practice jazz in this current study, among them it
is highlighted a lower professional stress and the positive effect
provided by the practice of dance.
Noteworthy, dance is not just a physical activity; it is also a
recreational activity that has important influence in emotional and social aspects. Thus, sedentary women’s poor performance in
the domains of QOL questionnaire may be related to other aspects
more than professional stress and sedentary lifestyle. The positive
effects of physical activity on stress have been well documented in
literature; therefore, it is necessary to make future studies aimed
to analyze the impact of dance on women professionally and
The results obtained in this study suggest an improvement
in QOL in women who practice jazz, especially in physical and
emotional aspects, compared to sedentary women. The beneficial
effects of physical activity on the group of women in aging process
(climacteric women of middle-age and elderly) are extensively
studied and documented; however, there are few studies in
literature that analyzed the impact of dance on quality of life in
this group of women. In this sense, the present study contributes
to improve this field.