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A Health Education Project’s Effect on
Elementary School Students’ Health Status
Bence Cselik*, Erzsébet Rétsági and Pongrác Ács
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pécs, Hungary
Submission: July 31, 2017; Published: August 14, 2018
*Corresponding author: Bence Cselik, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pécs, Pécs, H-7621 Pécs, Vörösmarty u. 4, Hungary;
How to cite this article: Bence C, Erzsébet R, Pongrác Á. A Health Education Project’s Effect on Elementary School Students’ Health Status. J Complement
Med Alt Healthcare. 2018; 6(4): 555694. DOI: 10.19080/JCMAH.2018.06.555694
Keywords: Traditional medicine; Oil pulling; Natural oils; Sunflower oil; Coconut oil; Sesame oil; Milk; Water
Our research topic was about the basic options of health education, divided for several parts and related questions. Research has been done in the elementary school age-group (11-14 years) from five elementary school in Pécs (Hungary). We do believe that kind of health education and health development could never be started early, as we also reffered in the title. We also find our research topical because as we know, obesity is showing an increasing trend in younger age. We would like to confirm that good strategy and effective short term goals brings positive results in healt education relatively in short time.
We suppose if health education begins in childhood within the boundaries of elementary shool and a commited group of health educators are in charge with a good program, that just makes significant changes in health status and thinking not just in the life of students but every other citizens of the institution.
We do hope monitoring the results and with the help of follow-up tests, we manage to run an efficient health education program, which advantages and results will also show up in the future, at next educational levels. We do believe that a good and proven health education program can be successful in other institutions too [1-3].
The primal aim of the research is to present a health strategy in the elementary education institution, which quality is highly decisive regarding that a secondary social field is where students take up standards. In view of the above we find important to compare our tests and method with similar tests to see ourselves in the right position in the particular field of research [4,5].
a) We presume physical activity is decreasing by the age increasing of children.
b) We presume we find significant coherence between sex and healthawareness and regular exercise.
c) We presume a deliberately formed elementary school health education program runned in the “Citycenter” Initiative has the positive effect on mixed nurture and physical activity and will also show a lower number regarding overweight children compared to the other institution’s and national statistic numbers [6-9].
d) We presume with the help of a proper stategic plan alongside committed participants, we manage to achie positive results in elementary school health education.
During the research phase an anonym query was used in every year to be the ground of the study. Questions are alternately connected to health and sport subjects, referred to students and the research field’s inner and outer factors .
We were curious about the feeding habits and trends of the students, even personal oppinions and feedbacks were welcomed
Steps of the research:
a) Convince schools’ directors about the need of the tests, manage to approve,
b) Survey the students,
c) Data gathering (from school documents also),
d) Evaluation of the surveys,
e) Comparing analysis,
f) Present the facts, draw conclusions and summarize.
IBM SPSS Statistics version 20 and Microsoft Excel 2010 were the softwares used for our for statistic analysis. Through the process we practiced descriptive statistics and deductive method also (consistency and diversity inspection). Significance was determined as p<0,05. Through the process of data presentation, aggregated data was shown by different graphicons and statistic
charts. The final database was created of the solo intitution
statistics, health visitors’ report on body fat and BMI data and
the previous test results collected of ours .
The queries were filled out by upper divison students of four
units of “Citycenter School Pécs” initiative (n=866). Students
were without exception fifth to eight grade, aged from 11 to 14
(av. 12,04, spread:1,51) .
Due to body mass index (BMI), two thirds of the students
were in good nutrition condition. More than 3% of the students
were morbidly obessed or weight deficited. Almost 9% of
students were overwighted or fattened. Firstly, becaulse BMI test
is not always enough to size-up body condition, we considered to
test body fat also during the lay down of overweight tests. Based
on these body fat tests, 30% of children and pubescent were over
the relative health limit of body fat [14,15].
a) It is important to screen students, mainly regarding
body fat content.
b) For achiving this aim, it is needed to strengthen and
develop connection and co-operancy between institutions and
school doctor and health visitor. It is important to emphasize
school prevention programs about nutrition and feeding.
c) It would be rewarding to create special add-on sport
opportunities for overweight or fattened students, even as a
d) High priority of healt screening for seventh grade
students or higher.
On the ground of surveys, more than 72% of students doing
sports on regular basis - besides the school classes - at the
lowest estimate 2 or 3 times a week. However this trend shows
decreasing form by age, eight grade students ratio at the same
terms are much lower. Nearly 10% of children never doing
sports. Schools’ sports activities are not so popular, altogether
9,05% of students take part in.
a) Need to improve schools’ infrastructure and selection
of sport activities. Special sports need to be provided based on
b) It would be rewarding to set a similar next year, specially
in seven and eight grade, because it is the first time in the history
of school to have physical education as a class in every single day
for all the divisions.
c) Most of eight grade students are doing sport at home
or at gym invidually. From eight grade, it would be important
to add to syllabus informative lecturesabout proper training, so
students could learnthe basics of creating a training program for
themselves, giving information they can work up on their own
to help the prevention of injuries and posterior developmental
Feeding habit are showing good trends, mixed nutrition had
proven good and the results are also affected by that. The major
problem is the satisfaction level of the school canteen’s meal
selection, told by the students.
a) Furthermore it is relevant to publicize healty lifestyle
for one and all, parents and children
b) Create opportunity to open reform canteen or bar, even
based on the requirements and needs of children. Operational
conditions would be ideal to be set by the institution, not the
It was an exciting and resultful process unitl the end of the
research. After all, we were curious about the results, whether
institutions’ staff hard work and the reached aims prove our
hypothesis or not. In our oppinion, we do confirmed our
hypothesis. A long side effort and commitment, it is visible a
good stategy makes difference and a well-tried health education
program can bring positive effects not just on one but other
establishments too. In connention with the research, it would
be rewarding to extend these tests to other facilities too, even
to municipal levels, to elementary and secondary education. It
has been proven, that education and health education for healthy
lifestyle of growing up generation would begin in elementary
school (even in kindergarten) to form that common health
conscious attitude in our children what they take on and hold
through the process of becoming an adult.