Erector Spinae Plane Block for Open Splenectomy. A Case Report
David Sánchez Poveda, María Mercedes Rodríguez Rojo, Elisa Jausoro Saracho, Daniel Álvarez Martínez, Jordanna Almeida Cristo-Barbosa, Adriana Buriticá Aguirre, José María and Calvo Vecino
Servicio Anestesiología, Universitario de Salamanca, Spain
Submission: July 05, 2017; Published: November 14, 2017
*Corresponding author: David Sánchez Poveda, Servicio Anestesiología Reanimación y Tratamiento del Dolor Complejo Asistencial Universitario de Salamanca Paseo de San Vicente 37007 Salamanca, Spain, Tel: +34659247473; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
How to cite this article: David S P, María M R R, Elisa J S, Daniel Á M. Erector Spinae Plane Block for Open Splenectomy. A Case Report. J Anest &
Inten Care Med. 2017; 4(2) : 555634. DOI:10.19080/JAICM.2017.04.555634
Erector spinae plane block is an interfacial block recently described that could have lots of applications in chronic or in postoperative acute pain. We present a case of a 34 year old woman that had an open splenectomy made after the surgery she suffered from postoperative pain, as high as 9 points in the visual analogue scale though intravenous analgesics. An ultrasound guided ESP block was performed. After the block the visual analogue scale was four points. ESP block could be a good option for treating postoperative pain for subcostal laparotomies
Regional anesthesia has become a great choice for rescuing some patientes in which it is difficult to deal with postoperative pain. Interfascial nerve blocks are such as TAP block are useful providing analgesia for postoperative pain in low abdominal procedures. Erector spinae plane (ESP) block is a recently described interfascial block in which the local anaesthectic is placed over or below the plane of the erector spinae muscle, near where the spinal nerves come out from the spine before they start to divide. Some publications have shown its effectiveness in treating thoracic and abdominal postoperative pain.
We describe a case of a 34 year old women diagnosed of an autoimmune hemolytic anemia, refractory to medical treatment. She had no other medical of quirurgical event before. She is programmed to perform a laparoscopic splenectomy. After preoxigenation and antibiotic prophilaxys, we perform a intravenous induction of general anesthesia with 2mcg /Kg fentanil, 2’5mg/Kg propofol and 0’6mg/Kg de rocuronium. No problems appeared during facial mask ventilación and endotraqueal intubation. The manteniance of anesthesia was made with propofol and remifentanil (total of 1875 mg and 3375 mcg respectively) to mantain blood pressure and heart rate neither over nor below the 20% of the basal values and Patient State Index between 25 and 50. We used bolus of rocuronium to mantain the neuromuscular block. During the surgery due to technical dificulties it is necessary to perform a left subcostal laparotomy. No other problems appeared during the procedure.
One our before the surgery was finished the patient received mophine 7 mg, acetaminophen 1g and dexketoprofen 50 mg. For nausea and vomiting prophilaxys we used 4 mg dexamenthasone and 4mg ondansetron. After awakening the patient complained of pain, with no reduction of Visual Analogue Scale after treatment with 3 mg morphine and 300 mcg fentanyl. In the Postanesthetic Care Unit we decide te perform an ultrasound guided erector spinae block. The patient was placed in right lateral decubitus and after we located trapezius, rhomboid major and erector spinae muscles in the level of the 9 thoracic transverse process we
injected 10 ml L-bupivacaine 0.5% and 10 ml lidocaine 2% just
between the erector spinae muscle and the transverse process.
ESP block is a relatively easy ultrasound-guided technique.
With one puncture the patient can get a good ipsilateral analgesia
in the level desired and even 3 dematomes above and below if we
inject 20 ml of local anesthetic. This block appears to be easier
to perform than epidural or paravertebral blocks, and as the
needdle is insterted away from the pleura, big vessels or nerves it
seems more difficult to make a clinically significant complication.
A limitation of ESP block is that if you need bilateral analgesia
you must perform 2 punctures. Therefore ESP block could be
considered a good technique to provide analgesia in postoperative
pain after subcostal laparotomy when other therapies have failed
or could not be used.