Applications of Intelligent Monitoring in
Deep Sea Culture Equipment
Yangze Dong*, Jun Yan, Yufeng Li, Xiaojie Lin and Liang Yang
Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Provincial Laboratory (Zhanjiang), China
Submission: March 26, 2021; Published: April 14, 2021
*Corresponding author: Yangze Dong, Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhanjiang), No 1 Wenti Road, Xiashan District, Zhanjiang, Guangdong Province, China
How to cite this article: Yangze D, Jun Y, Yufeng L, Xiaojie L, Liang Y. Applications of Intelligent Monitoring in Deep Sea Culture Equipment. Int J Environ
Sci Nat Res. 2021; 27(5): 556223.DOI: 10.19080/IJESNR.2021.27.556223
Deep sea culturing is one of the most important sources of fish for food. During the culturing procedure, there are several processes need be monitored. By giving the structure of the culture cage, its main tasks are analyzed. After that, the structure of the monitoring system is presented to meet the needs of normal and abnormal processing of the culture.
Keywords: Deep sea culture equipment; Intelligent monitoring; Acoustic-optic cooperation
Ocean occupies over 70% of the earth surface, which is rich of valuable resources for human beings to take advantage. Fishing is one of the main food-obtaining means for mankind till the present. Due to overfishing, offshore fishery resources are decreasing distinctly. Therefore, offshore culture cages became a major way in fishery. With the rapid progress of offshore culturing, serious littoral environment pollution occurs, which results in reduction of outputs.
Aiming at this reality, culturing into far-deep sea is a better choice. Thinking of economy factors, the far-deep sea culturing system needs larger scales. And because it is far away from the land, autonomous operation and maintenance should be the necessary work style. Therefore, intelligent control and monitoring are its essential functions. Intelligent monitoring acts as information input for its recovery from failure and unexpected states by means of warning during its operation.
This paper would firstly give a structure of the intelligent monitoring system to meet the needs. An analysis would be presented focusing on the key technologies of the system in succession.
As stated above, in deep sea environment, the culture equipment is much larger than offshore ones. On one hand, it is then necessary for intelligent monitoring. On the other hand, the
bigger scale supplies enough space for the monitoring system design.
This study focuses on the culture cage (besides, there are culture ship, ocean farm, etc.).
From fries to adult fish, it needs a certain period according to various species. Within the time, the fish would grow bigger under normal operations. In such circumstances, certain tasks must be accomplished. The tasks contain feeding and adults processing.
Unfortunately, thanks to the rather long time, unexpected cases might often happen. Such as equipment failure, fish illness, fish death, water pollution, etc. We call such circumstances as Abnormal Situation, which need to be dealt with as soon as possible. Figure 2 illustrates the main tasks of monitoring during the culture process, which it is divide into two categories: Normal and Abnormal.
It can be seen from above figure that the red blocks represent the situations need be monitoring daily, which would harm the harvest of culturing without immediately handling.
The Culturing Space is the principal part of the cage, where
the fish live. Therefore, monitoring in this area is a significant task
during the entire culturing procedure.
Corresponding to different needs of monitoring, different
measures should be adopted. For example, for the monitoring of
water environment, the most concentration is the water quality
for culturing. Thus, task is carried out using specific sensors
through chemistry testing. For the fish status, optical and acoustic
measures are both utilized: for relative long range and to the fish
group, acoustics shows a priority, while monitoring the near and
individual fish, optics is the better choice. The same conclusion
can be got as to the device failure detection such as the cage net.
Figure 3 is the illustration of the monitoring system for the culture
As pointed out in Section 4.3, optics, acoustics and chemistry
measures are all used in the monitoring. As we know, the basis
of monitoring is sensing, which is the source of information.
Combined with information storage and processing, the so-called
conception of “Intelligent Sensing” occurs. Let us return to the
cage monitoring, where there exist several key challenges.
Compared to the air environment, the water is not a good
medium for transmission of light (and other electro-magnet
waves), the optical camera cannot get high quality images
necessary for successive processing.
On one hand, how to get better image needs investigate. For
example, one can improve the quality by better light sources.
On the other hand, based on the current image, advanced
image processing technologies should be studied to reach
In the monitoring system, there are several kinds of sensors,
which output raw data with different formats. Derived from there
data, the necessary useful information should go to the D&C
center, where decisions be made. Since the data are not the same
source, representing different features, the fusion processing is
In the scope of the cage, the monitoring system cannot be
omitted for better culture result. But above all, the interference
to the normal activities of the fish and relevant devices should be
reduced to the minimum.
This is a systematic problem which should be solved through
integration of all of the parts.
During the culturing procedure, there are several processes
need be monitored. By giving the structure of the culture cage,
its main tasks are analyzed and the structure of the monitoring
system is presented to meet the needs of normal and abnormal
processing of the culture.