Analysis of Relationship of Obesity and Diabetes Mellitus in Local Population of Pakistan
Muhammad Usman Saddique*1, Noman Ashrif2 and Asim iqbal3
1Working as MO at BHU 92 JB Gojra, Pakistan
2In charge health officer BHU Kassesay, Pakisthan
3Jinnah hospital Lahore, Pakisthan
Submission: June 08, 2018; Published: June 15, 2018
*Corresponding author: Muhammad Usman Saddique, Working at BHU 92 JB Gojra, Pakistan, Email: [email protected]
How to cite this article: Muhammad Usman Saddique, Noman Ashrif, Asim iqbal. Analysis of Relationship of Obesity and Diabetes Mellitus in Local Population of
Pakistan. Glob J Oto, 2018; 16(2): 555933. DOI: 10.19080/GJO.2018.16.555933
Introduction:Worldwide, Indo-Asian people are among the populations at highest risk for cardiovascular disease. Evidence also suggests that associations between body mass index (BMI), percentage of body fat and chronic disease may differ between Indo-Asian and European populations.
Objectives of the study: Our study objective is to find the analysis of relationship of obesity and diabetes mellitus in local population of Pakistan.
Methodology of the study:The study was conducted at Jinnah Hospital Lahore during 2017 to 2018. There was 100 patients which was visit the hospital during this time period. We assess the nutritional and economic health of patients by asking some survey questions.
Analysis and results:The demographic and social values shows that obesity has a direct link with diabetes. It shows that people consume more protein and fat as compared to carbohydrates. Due to this reason they may suffer from other diseases parallel to diabetes.
Conclusion:It is concluded that there is a direct relationship of obesity and diabetes. If the diabetic person does not follow the instructions related to diet they must lead to some other issues which may lead to death.
Diabetes is a major cause of mortality globally, and it has been estimated that 400 million people worldwide will suffer from it by 2030. Despite the fact that hereditary qualities seems to assume an essential part in the advancement of diabetes, examine recommends that dietary decisions driven by natural and financial components are of critical significance. Amazing eating regimens assume an essential part in diabetes avoidance . Suitable dietary adherence can enhance insulin affectability and glycemic control, and consequently add to way of life change and general personal satisfaction. Worldwide, Indo-Asian people are among the populations at highest risk for cardiovascular disease . Evidence also suggests that associations between body mass index (BMI), percentage of body fat and chronic disease may differ between Indo-Asian and European populations . One proposed explanation for these observations is the effect of poverty and resultant malnutrition during intrauterine and early childhood years, coupled with relative over nutrition in later years .
The 2013 American Diabetes Association (ADA) standards of care prescribe an individualized way to deal with basic leadership as to protein admission and dietary macronutrient composition . Factors to be considered incorporate the metabolic status of the patient (e.g., lipid profile, renal capacity) and additionally food inclinations . With regards to diabetes, the monetary moderateness (e.g., food security), availability, and agreeableness (e.g., food culture) have been talked about as potential boundaries to meeting and adherence to prescribed dietary rules . The eating routine wellbeing behavior of diabetes patients and techniques to conquer potential obstructions to adherence to prescribed dietary rules are key general wellbeing and diabetes wellbeing concern. In this manner, there is have to measure the connection between eat less quality, corpulence, and diabetes .
The study was conducted at Jinnah Hospital Lahore during
2017 to 2018. There was 100 patients which was visit the
hospital during this time period. We assess the nutritional and
economic health of patients by asking some survey questions.
From the large pool of data we select health status, diet
quality, lifestyle, food culture, food security, and demographic
information of the selected patients. The economic and health
status describe the level of awareness regarding disease. The
collected data were analyzed using SPSS software (version
17). The results are presented as a mean with 95% confidence
interval limits or standard deviations. The significant value for P
<.05 was accepted as statistically significant.
The data was collected from 100 male and females patients
who visit the health care center. The analysis of the data shows
that diabetes is more common in females as compared to
males. We also collect the basic characteristics of patients and
compared these values with normal values. So we can find that
diseases person have more blood pressure value as compared to
normal. People who suffer from diabetes also suffer from high
blood pressure problem (Tables 1-3).
Note: explains the demographical conditions of the patients. This
table explains the co-efficient and standard error values. The level of
confidence interval is 90 and 95 in this table for the significan t value.
Indicate significance at the 99, 95, and 90% level.
Table 03 explains the relationship between dietary intake, BMI and diet
quality among diabetic patients. It shows that people consume more
protein and fat as compared to carbohydrates. Due to this reason they
may suffer from other diseases parallel to diabetes.
A worldwide epidemic exists with respect to diabetes mellitus
because of increased rates of obesity. There is a significant
correlation between obesity and insulin resistance and obesity
causes the increase in the severity of the disease . The adipose
tissues in the visceral region function as an endocrine organ that
produces certain proteins with role in glucose homeostasis.
The expression level of some of these proteins is increased in
diabetes and can serve as specific marker of the disease .
The study was performed to check the effect of various physical
and biochemical parameters of obesity on the development and
progression of diabetes mellitus. In our study the serum samples
of diabetics were collected and were further categorized into
two groups i.e. diabetic obese and diabetic non obese, on the
basis of BMI, waist circumference and waist to hip ratio. The
fasting blood sugar level, the total protein content, along with
the complete lipid profile was performed .
As an outcome, these patients devoured diets with a lower
glycemic record and glycemic stack esteems as contrasted and
patients in the unhealthy eating pattern. Presently, diets with
a low glycemic list have been related with enhanced glycemic
control [11-15]. Another supplement likely identified with the
best watched glycemic control in our investigation is dietary
fiber. In like manner, in our patients in the healthy eating
pattern, a higher aggregate, dissolvable, and insoluble fiber
utilization was watched. It has just been exhibited that a high
fiber intake was related with better glycemic control in patients
with diabetes. In any case, up to now, the advantageous effects
of fiber intake, particularly solvent fibers, couldn’t be detached
from the effects of glycemic list and glycemic stack in light of the
fact that most foods that have a low glycemic file additionally
have a high fiber content .
It is concluded that there is a direct relationship of obesity
and diabetes. If the diabetic person does not follow the
instructions related to diet they must lead to some other issues
which may lead to death.