Case Report: Revision of a Nasal Scar after a Vehicle Accident
ENT Specialist, American Crescent Health Care Center, UAE
Submission: February 23, 2017; Published: March 08, 2017
*Corresponding author: Menwal Harb, ENT Specialist, Arab Board Certified, Syria, American Crescent Health Care Center, Abu Dhabi, UAE, Tel:00971528046377; Email:firstname.lastname@example.org
How to cite this article: Menwal H. Case Report: Revision of a Nasal Scar after a Vehicle Accident. Glob J Oto 2017; 4(5): 555648. DOI: 10.19080/GJO.2017.04.555648
A 30 years old male patient presented with a nasal scar at the junction between the columella and the nasal tip, after one year of exposure to a vehicle accident with an inappropriate suturing, I found that the scar repositioning is the best technique for this patient, so I decided to do external approach Rhinoplasty with changing the position of the new scar to a lower position.
Keywords:Scar revision; External approach rhinoplasty; Facial wounds
The healing of the wound results in a scar, the appearance of the scar depends on the wounding mechanism, wound location, wound tension, initial treatment, infection, and dehiscence . Successful scar revision begins with a precise analysis of both the scar and the patient expectations. The surgeon should educate the patient on the true realistic goal of surgery, which is to modify the scar to a point of maximized camouflage within the natural shadows, lines and borders tht exist within the head and neck .
A 30 years old male patient presented with a nasal scar at the junction between the columella and nasal tip at the left side of the nose, after one year of a vehicle accident, with a left side nasal obstruction. No other complaints, no medical history, no surgical history.
- Physical examination: An external nasal scar, deviation of the nasal axis to the right side, left septal deviation, the remainder examination is within normal.The goal is to remove the scar and improve the nasal breathing.
- Plan: External approach rhinoplasty, which is discussed with the patient and greed.
- Surgical technique: The first step is the scar removal, after that I completed the surgery as a traditional external approach rhinoplasty with septoplaty, hump grasping, bilateral lateral osteotomies, tip plasty, then I retracted the nasal skin and stitched it at the columella at the lowest possible position without any tension at the sutures and wound edges, which was at the middle of the columellar length, then I trimmed the skin edges to create the nostrils edges.
- Result and follow up: The stitches and the nasal splint are removed one week after the surgery, and the patient returned to his normal daily activities after two weeks. The follow up after six months: The patient is fully satisfied of the result, functionally and aesthetically (Figure 1).
Causes of unfavorable scar formation can be genetic, iatrogenic, circumstantial, or idiopathic . The techniques ofscar revision are classified in Table 1. In our case I chose the scar repositioning technique, and discussed with the patient, that I will do an external approach rhinoplasty to extend the skin and make the scar in a lower position without any unnecessary skin incisions, and to correct the nasal axis deviation and the septal deviation.
The best technique of scar revision is the technique that gives us the best camouflage, by doing the incisions parallel to or in relaxed skin tension lines, at the junction of facial aesthetic units, within margins of orifices, or at the edge of hair line, and staged procedures are often necessary to accomplish the optimal result.