Introduction: One major factor that plays a role in any child’s life is the color of his toothbrush, his shoes as well as his hearing aids. Therefore, this research was designed to monitor the effect of hearing aid color on the regularity of hearing aid use in children.
Method: Twenty-four children (13 females and 13 males) with severe to profound hearing loss participated in this study. Two children were excluded (two males) due to color blindness. They used traditional beige hearing aids for two month and colored hearing aids for more than two months. Data logging was used to assess the regularity of hearing aid use.
Results: Red and purple was preferred by female children while dark blue and gray were preferred by males but the majority of participants preferred red color. Children used their colored hearing aids for more time than their traditional beige devices (P < 0.01). Color, gender and age were the major factors that affected the regularity of use of hearing aids in those children.
Conclusion: Color of hearing aids can play a major role in assisting the regularity of use of hearing aids in young children.
Children born with a permanent hearing loss run the risk of lifelong speech deficits and delays in the acquisition of language. Deficits in speech and language may result in poor academic performance, psycho-social difficulties, behavior and emotional problems . Children have different requirements of their hearing. Several related but unique adult-child differences emerge from the literature :
Children are learning language, and do not have the capacity to “fill in the blanks” for sounds not audible in the way that adult listeners have.
Children spend most of their time listening to the speech of other children and women, which has greater high frequency content than that of adult males. This places greater importance on providing audibility for the high-frequency cues of speech when providing hearing aids for the pediatric population.
Children who use hearing aids must develop the ability to use information acquired while hearing amplified, processed sound. Children fit with hearing aids that fail to render audible the full set of speech cues are at risk of deficits in speech production and/or learning.
Children have more demanding listening requirements than adults for understanding speech, particularly when the listening situation is difficult (low in level, noisy, and/or reverberant). Enhancement of audibility is required to support better speech understanding, either through increased level, increased signal-to-noise ratio, or improvement of the listening environment. Prescriptive targets for children may specify greater outputs in quiet environments than for adults. Strategies for hearing aid use in the classroom should include strategies or devices to address the effects of distance and reverberation.
Children’s hearing aid use is typically mediated by a caregiver, at least through the early years of life. For this reason, issues of device use and monitoring, and caregiver training, are unique challenges in the pediatric population.
Most of these concerns will not be addressed if the child’s rejects the use of his hearing aids or uses them irregularly. One major factor that plays a role in any child’s life is the color of his
toothbrush, his shoes as well as his hearing aids. Therefore, this
research is designed to monitor the effect of hearing aid color on
the regularity of hearing aid use in children.
Twenty-six children (13 females and 13 males) with severe
to profound hearing loss were selected for this study. Two
children were excluded (two males) due to color blindness after
being tested in the ophthalmology outpatient clinic. Thus, 24
cases continued the research (13 females and 11 males). Their
age was ≥ 3 years old. They were fitted with two behind-the Ear
(BTE) hearing aids with traditional beige color for 2 month. Data
logging was used to assess the regularity of use of the hearing
aids as an objective method. At the end of the second month,
they were allowed to select the color of their hearing devices
from a color palette (Figure 1). Their selections were respected
sharply and they received their colored hearing aids within 10
days after selection. During these waiting days, hearing aid use
was suspended. The new colored hearing aids were used for
2 further months. Data logging was used again to assess the
regularity of use of the hearing devices. A simple query was done
for the parents about their kids’ compliance. If the child rejected
his hearing aids, this reaction was marked as a «dislike». If the
child didn’t ask for wearing his hearing aids but accepted them
when the parents put them on his ears, this was marked as a
«borderline». If the child asked for wearing his hearing aids
happily, this was marked as a «like».
The number of hearing impaired children who participated
in the study was 24 (13 females and 11 males). Their age ranged
from 3 to 8.2 years (Mean = 4.35; Standard deviation = 1.28,
Median = 4 and Mode = 4).
Color is the bright site of childhood. Children adore colors
and give a respond on it. However children’s response differs
from adults’ reaction. If you are to communicate with children,
color should become your ally. But you need to use the color
language correctly. Children use limited palette, which becomes
wider as they grow up. The age of the hearing- impaired children who participated in the study was mostly around 4 years. It is
well known that Infants show color preferences by three months
of age and color categorization by four months of age [3-6].
Additionally, a study conducted by Offenbach (1980) showed
that the basic perceptual color space is invariant (from age 4 to
old age) in normally sighted individual .
The majority of children preferred basic primary colors:
red and blue (Figure 2). This is expected for children who are
developing their color discrimination capabilities. Females
preferred warm colors (red) while males preferred cool colors
(blue). This agrees with the results of Ellis and Ficek (2001) who
reported that males prefer blue. However, they demonstrated
that females prefer green then blue . Focusing on some of the
actual mechanisms that may be involved in humans, research by
Hoyenga and Wallace (1979) and McGuinness and Lewis (1976)
found sex differences in retinal biochemistry and in how he
brain processes color information. According to both studies,
females seemed to be more sensitive to pinks, reds and yellows.
In addition, the Hoyenga and Wallace study found that males
looked to be more sensitive to colors in the blue-green color
The duration of use of the colored hearing aids was
significantly greater than the duration of use of the conventional
beige hearing aids (Table 1). Moreover, the majority of cases
shifted from the «dislike» and «borderline» reactions to the
«like» attitude when colored hearing aids were used (Figure 3).
This marvelous reaction to color was actually unexpected for the
same hearing aids with the same programming. When compared
to other factors in a regression analysis, color was confirmed
as the most important factor in determining the duration of
hearing aid use (Table 2). The modern hearing aid technology
of data logging helped monitoring the child’s attitude towards
his hearing devices in a remarkable and objective manner.
Using the color palette prior to hearing aid fitting in children
proved to be an essential step for success of hearing aid fitting
in children. Colored hearing aids help children use their hearing
aids regularly and thus help the ultimate aim of development of
speech and language in hearing impaired children.