The production of complete dentures is very common in dental practice, due to the increase in the number of edentulous people. The success of a prosthesis depends essentially on its acceptance by the patient and conditioned by the success of the aesthetic challenge. The occlusion plane should no longer meet standard criteria but be personalized using the piezographic technique.
Keywords: Piezography; Short upper lip; Occlusion plane
The psychological integration of the complete denture is generally guaranteed when the patient is satisfied with the aesthetic result of his prosthesis. Aesthetic success is linked among other things to the situation of the anterior occlusion plane; if the patient has a short upper lip, the piezographic technique is recommended because the classic technique does not offer a satisfactory aesthetic result.
This is a 71-year-old patient that is consulting for complete prosthetic rehabilitation for aesthetic reasons. The patient has a short upper lip (Figure 1), which is why we opted for the piezographic technique. The technique consists at first in making a pink wax bead ton embody the occlusion plane that is parallel to the bi-pupillary line while protruding by 2 mm the upper lip at rest (Figure 2). Secondly, it involves eliminating half of the thickness of the bead at the level of the sector going from canine to canine (Figure 3), this is performed to create space to
place the piezographic material (silicone without catalyst). We must also reduce the thickness of the base at the expense of its upper surface always at the level of the region from canine to canine (Figure 4). The patient is then invited to pronounce the phonemes B, P, M several times, thus obtaining a modeling of the piezographic material by the muscles of the upper lip: we obtain the piezogram, the deepest part of the imprint of these muscles corresponds to the anterior piezographic occlusion plane. We then cut out the material exceeding the anterior occlusion plane then we make a key into the vestibular plaster and then we transform the piezographic material into resin (we take the precaution by coloring it to be able to distinguish it from the base resin) [1-5]. The antero-superior teeth will be assembled using the key and will locate each tooth in the vestibulo-lingual and occlusal direction inside the space occupied by the piezogram (Figure 5). The other stages of prosthetic production are identical to that of the conventional technique. The advantage of this technique is essentially the aesthetic result (Figure 6).
The use of the piezographic technique in complete
prosthesis reinforce clinician’s appropriate response to his
patient’s physiology as good as possible; it also allows the teeth
to be mounted in a position which respects both the muscular
environment, the DVO, the orientation of the occlusion plane as
well as aesthetic requirements.