Application of Alternative Medicine in Dentistry:
Rohma Siddiqui1*, Yogesh Garg2, Kamal Garg3,Akriti Dheer4 and Sakshi Saxena5
1Department of Public Health Dentistry, Teerthankar Mahaveer Dental College & Research Centre, India
2Department of Public Health Dentistry, Surendera Dental College & Research Institute, India
3Department of Periodontology, Surendera Dental College & Research Institute, India
4Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Teerthankar Mahaveer Dental College & Research Centre, India
5Department of Prosthodontics, Teerthankar Mahaveer Dental College & Research Centre, India
Submission: April 27, 2017; Published: May 24, 2018
*Corresponding author:Rohma Siddiqui, Post graduate student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Teerthankar Mahaveer Dental College & Research Centre, Moradabad, India, Email: [email protected]
How to cite this article:Rohma S, Yogesh G, Kamal G, Akriti D, Sakshi S. Application of Alternative Medicine in Dentistry: An Overview. Adv Dent & Oral Health.
2018; 9(1): 555754. DOI: 10.19080/ADOH.2018.09.555754
Alternative medicine treatments include various types of natural and spiritual healing methods. Treatments can be practiced individually as well as in condition with other conventional treatment for the purpose of relaxing mind, body and soul. Alternative medicines are into practice since ancient time and are practiced even today worldwide. Every country has its own conventional system of health. Alternative medicines are nowadays incorporated in many fields including dentistry. A result from few studies conducted has shown significant effect of holistic healing on dental and oral health. This article reviews about impact of alternative medicine in treating dental health and problems associated with it.
Keywords: Dentistry; Yoga; Alternative medicine; Periodontal health; Alternative dentistry
In General Guidelines for Methodologies on Research and Evaluation of Traditional Medicine, published in 2000 by the World Health Organization (WHO): Complementary And Alternative Medicine were defined as a broad set of health care practices that are not part of that country’s own tradition and are not integrated into the dominant health care system.
The US National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), states that Complimentary & Alternative medicine (CAM) is “a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not generally considered part of conventional medicine”.
Quite often we come across patients who express their interest in mind body complimentary therapies to treat their health conditions. Alternative medicine also called as complimentary or integrative medicine, usually discuss and advise patients to any available alternate therapies. As the name suggest “alternative”, means that its basic lies in a non-drug approach .
Even though phleboliths are not rare in the head and neck, buccal soft tissues rarely contain lesions that include calcifications. Here in we report an incidental finding of calcification within a chronic inflammatory gingival enlargement. To the best of our knowledge, this could be the first reported instance of occurrence of phlebolith in a case of gingival enlargement. By presenting this case, we aim to alert clinicians regarding the importance of biopsy
in all cases of gingival enlargements to rule out the possibility of vascular malformations
Alternative medicine is often used interchangeably with terms like complementary medicine, integrative medicine, holistic medicine, fringe medicine, unconventional medicine.
d) Ayurveda stresses the use of plant-based medicines and
treatments, with some animal products, and added minerals
that includes sulphur, copper, gold, and arsenic.
It believes in the existence of supernatural energies as in
Biofeild therapy, which intends to influence the energy field that
surrounds and penetrates the body
Bioelectromagnetic therapy uses electromagnetic fields like
pulsed fields, direct current fields in an unconventional manner
with the help of magnets.
Chiropractic: Spinal manipulation aims to treat “vertebral
subluxations” which are claimed to put pressure on nerves.
Reiki: Practitioners place their palms on the patient near
Chakras that they believe are centers of supernatural energies in
the belief that these energies can transfer from the practitioner’s
palms to heal the patient.
Mind- Body Medicine: The mind can affect “bodily functions
and symptoms” and there is an interconnection between the mind,
body, and spirit.
Religion, Faith Healing, & Prayer
a) Christian faith healing
Such Practices Believes That There Is A Divine Or Spiritual
Interventions In Healing. The Practitioner can reach an altered
state of consciousness in order to Connect with the Spiritual
World To Heal The Patient [3,4].
The practice of yoga in the Indian subcontinent was
documented as early as 3000 BC.The word ‘yoga’ is derived fromSanskrit word yuz, which is often interpreted as meaning ‘to unite’.
Yoga focuses on body, breathing and mind. This is accomplished
by Asanas (exercise postures), pranayama (breathing techniques)
and meditation. Yoga prevents the impairment of cellular immunity
seen in stress. Yoga involves mind body relaxation techniques and
cushions the changes related to stress. Since yoga involves mind
body relaxation techniques (pranayama and meditation) along
with mild to moderate physical exercise (Asanas), yoga may
optimize the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines [2,5].
a) Sirhasana helps in stimulates the blood flow to
pituitary gland for strengthen the bones and teeth to prevent
b) Shitali & Shitkar Pranayama in these teeth is occluded
during breathing to intermittent force on teeth and correction
of alignment of teeth.
c) Sarvangasana helps in stimulate the thyroid gland to
increase the blood circulation in the mouth for prevention of
d) Bhujangasana posture is so therapeutic for practicing
dental surgeons, as it tones up the whole spine.
Thus, yoga is helpful in prevention of dental diseases and
maintenance of good oral hygiene.
Accupuncture: Is many years old Chinese way of treatment
in which needles are inserted in specific areas of the body. Several
studies have been conducted which shows that acupuncture
can help in reducing postoperative pain and anxiety. Other
dental conditions in which accupuncture can be of use are
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and Xerostomia. Also offers
alternative treatment options in dentistry. Some of the conditions
in which it is found to be effective are Tooth Pain, Gingivitis, Dry
Socket, Halitosis, Dental Trauma, Abscess, and Mouth Ulcers Etc.
Herbal Therapy: Many plants/ herbs have the ability to
provide anti-inflammatory, analgesic effect. E.g. Herbs like
Echinacea, Aloe vera, Chamomile, Peppermint, Eucalyptus etc.
They can provide relief in pain and canker sores.
Traditional Ethnic System: An effective all natural solution
for dental health comes in the form of an ancient ayurvedic
practice called OIL-PULLING. It may sound strange but it can in
fact become a very therapeutic, meditative practice. The idea is
that the toxins are drawn out into the oil providing a deep cleaning
and general detox. The practice can be performed as the usual oral
hygiene routine [1,6].
It is usually based on religion, tradition, belief in supernatural
energies, pseudoscience, and errors in reasoning. It typically lacks
any scientific validation, and their effectiveness is either unproved
or disproved. Treatments are not part of the conventional
or science-based healthcare system. Research on alternative
medicine is frequently of low quality and methodologically flawed.
Might show some side effects when combined with conventional
treatments. Treatments are of long duration .
Although there are lot of benefits and significance in healthcare,
Alternative Medicine cannot be substituted completely for a
conventional scientific procedures and treatments. Nonetheless,
it can always be used as an adjunct to conventional medical