Neddle Percutaneous Fasciotomy in Treatment of Several and Advanced Cases of Dupuytren’s Disease
Orthopaedics Department, Hand Surgery Center, Italy
Submission: September 11, 2016; Published: September 23, 2016
*Corresponding author: Federico Amadei, Hand Surgery Center, Orthopaedics Department, via einstein 23 Legnano (MI), Milano, Italy
How to cite this article: Federico A. Neddle Percutaneous Fasciotomy in Treatment of Several and Advanced Cases of Dupuytren’s Disease. Ortho & Rheum Open Access J. 2016; 3(1): 555601. DOI: 10.19080/OROAJ.2016.02.555601
Dupuytren’s disease is a common condition. Percutaneous needle fasciotomy it is a simple method that uses a hypodermic needle and is usually performed under local anesthesia. It has few complications and allows almost immediate return to work with few restrictions. It can provide complete deformity correction and may offer a long-term solution.
On this study we analyse the use of this technique in Dupuytren disease stade 3-4 Tubiana classification.
In conclusions percutaneous needle fasciotomy also in several and advanced cases of Dupuytren’s disease is a simple, safety and reliable technique with few complications and low health and social costs.
Dupuytren’s disease is a chronic fibrotising disorder consisting of pathologic production and deposition of collagen in the palmar fascia of the hand. The cause of Dupuytren’s disease is largely unknown but a family history is often present. Additional risk factors include use of anti-epileptics drugs, alcolich over use, diabetes and hyperlipidaemia. Traditional management are fasciotomy, limited fasciectomy, total fasciectomy and dermo-fasciectomy, recently was introduced the use of collagenase.
Percutaneous fasciotomy has long been established as a treatment for Dupuytren’s disease, was for the first performed by Cline in 1787 and also Sir Dupuytren’s describe this technique for selected cases in ‘800 century. On 1993 it was reintroduced by the French rheumatologists Lermusiaux and Badois. The fasciotomy is the simple interruption and rupture of palmar or palmodigital cords and contractures.
This research study was designed and approved in 2015. From 1995 to 1998 we are treated 40 patients, selected with these criteria: aged (>65 years), diabetics, hypertension and dialysis. We are treated cases with only one cord, rarely two, in some patients the fasciotomy are do it like first operating time followed by radical surgical aponevrectomy. We are treated only cases stade 1-2-3 following Tubiana classification.
After 2000 we start to treat also several and advanced cases, grade 3-4 according with Tubiana classification, and until 2008 20 cases are operated. All patients were reviewed with a mean follow up of 4 years, the functional and aesthetic results are good, no secondary complications were noted, in two cases a second operation were necessary for improve the results of the first time.
Patients were assessed postoperatively after 1 day, after 1, 4, and 8 weeks, and after 6 and 12 months.
A 15 or 17 gauge hypodermic needle is inserted through the skin and the dermis. The cords must be held under tension to pull the cord up and away from the deeper structures.
The process may be repeated if necessary, from proximal to distal, if there is still cord causing a residual contracture. To avoid tendon damage the patient is intermittently asked to actively flex and extend the digit to demonstrate the presence or absence of needle motion with active tendon excursion. If the needle moves with the finger it suggests inadvertent entry into the flexor tendon sheath and the needle should be repositioned. Skin tears may occur which may need bandaging until they heal. In our series was present in 10 % of patients treated. Other complications include nerve injury and flexor tendon injury, which are both rare in litterature and absent in our series.
In literature permanent nerve injury and flexor tendon ruptures have been reported on the Tubiana series 0.2% and on Foucher publications 0.05%. Van Rijssen performed a prospective randomised controlled trial comparing percutaneous needle fasciotomy and limited open fasciectomy in 117 hands. For Tubiana stages 1 and 2 percutaneous fasciotomy was equal to
limited fasciectomy in efficacy and for Tubiana stage 3 and 4
disease limited fasciectomy was superior. Limited fasciectomy
was, however, associated with a 5% major complication rate,
compared to zero major complications in the needle fasciotomy
group. Badois reported on a multi-centre study involving 952
hands in 799 patients. A total of 3736 needle fasciotomies were
performed. An improvement in more 71.2% of stage 3 cases and
in 56.6% of stage 4.
Percutaneous needle fasciotomy has been shown to be
beneficial in Dupuytren’s disease and the short-term structural
efficacy is well documented. It is a simple and quick method,
with a short sick leave period for the patient, limited care
requirements and a low overall cost.
Recurrence rates are higher but major complications are
avoided and the procedure can be repeated multiple times. Also
in patients with Tubiana stage 3 or 4 can be used with satisfactory
results. Percutaneous needle fasciotomy also in advanced cases
of Dupuytren disease has lower, less serious, complication rates.
Most patients recover rapidly, the procedure is performed
under local anaesthesia, in day surgery recovery.
It has a similar short-term outcome and higher initial
satisfaction among patients compared to open procedures and
clostridum hystoliticum use.
There is a significant cost saving compared to formal surgical
procedures and to collagenase injection.
Percutaneous needle fasciotomy is an alternative treatment
for Dupuytren’s contracture also in advanced and several cases
(Figures 1-4) compared with collagenase use and open partial