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A Brief Biography of António Andrade De Gouveia:
An Eminent Portuguese Chemist of the
University Of Coimbra
Paulo Nuno Martins*
Interuniversity Center for History of Science and Technology, New University of Lisbon, Portugal
Submission: May 03, 2018; Published: May 09, 2018
*Corresponding author: Paulo Nuno Martins, Interuniversity Center for History of Science and Technology, New University of Lisbon, Campus of Caparica, Building VII, Floor 2, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
How to cite this article: Paulo N M. A Brief Biography of António Andrade De Gouveia: An Eminent Portuguese Chemist of the University Of Coimbra.
002 Organic & Medicinal Chem IJ. 2018; 6(3): 555690. DOI: 10.19080/OMCIJ.2018.06.555690
António Jorge Andrade de Gouveia was born in 8th June 1905, in Guarda. He was the son of António Carvalho de Gouveia and Angelina of Soledad Sarah Bette Andrade de Gouveia. He attended the primary school at S. Vicente of Guarda and then he moved to Viseu where he completed his high school studies. From 1922 to 1928, he enrolled in the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Coimbra, where he completed a degree in Physical and Chemical Sciences . From 1927 to 1930, he was assistant of scholar Egas Pinto Basto, having published the article entitled «Determination of mangnesium in Miranda do Corvo» . In 1927, the scholar Egas Pinto Basto proposed him to attend the theoretical chemistry courses of scholars Madame Currie, Jean Perrin, Marquis and, subsequently, from 1931 to 1934, to attend the Research Laboratories of Organic Chemistry and Spectra of University of Liverpool guided by scholars Heilbron and Robertson .
In 1934, he awarded a PhD entitled Contributions to the study of the role of the double bond in the absorption spectra of organic compounds, in Philosophy by the Chancellor of the University of Liverpool  and, in 1941, he got the equivalence of his PhD in Physical and Chemical Sciences at the University of Coimbra. In 1944, he presented a dissertation entitled Contribution to the study of the Portuguese oleoresins of “Pine Pinaster” and “Pinus Pinea”. Spectrophotometric study of resin acids and derivatives in order to became a scholar of chemistry at the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Coimbra .
António Andrade de Gouveia also assumed various management positions, such as member of the NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) at Advanced Study Institute on Protein Structure and Function. He had also an active participation in several scientific societies, such as member of the Institute of Coimbra, member of the Academy of Sciences of Lisbon (later, he became vice-Secretary) and participated in several congresses and scientific meetings with emphasis, in 1934, the meeting on “Chemical Society”, in London (Burlington House), in 1940, 1942 and 1950, the Luso-Spanish Congress for the “progress of science”, in 1955, the XIV International Congress of Pure and Applied Chemistry, in Zurich, in 1956, XV Congress of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, in Lisbon, in 1957, XVI International Congress of Pure and Applied Chemistry, in Paris, in 1964, the Conference of Rectors of European Universities, in Göttingen, in 1966, the Congress of the Communities of Portuguese culture, in Mozambique, in 1967, the participation in the V International Colloquium of Luso-Brazilian Studies, in Coimbra, as well as a specialist in Study Missions to Universities and Institutes of Great Britain (Aberystwyth (Biochemical Depatment), Leeds (Department of Food and Leather), Liverpool (Department of Biochemistry), London (Science Research Council)) .
From 1935 to 1975, he was also Director of the Chemical Laboratory of the University of Coimbra and then, between 1960 and 1963, he became Director of the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Coimbra. In 1962, he was member of the Board of
National Education and, between 1963 to 1970, he was Rector
of the University of Coimbra. He was also honored with the
Grande Ufficialle nell´Ordine Al Mérito della Republica Italiana
and Grand Officer of the Order of Santiago. Antonio Andrade
de Gouveia died on 13th July 2002, in Santo António dos Olivais,
In this short communication about António Jorge Andrade
de Gouveia, I collected and analyzed the main scientific books
and technical articles, in this area of study, that are available in
academic libraries. Thus, I selected the 20 most important items,
based on the “impact factor” of the article and the “reference”
books on this topic in order to be useful to the reader who aims
to have just an idea of this subject, maintaining the scientific
rigor of my research.
In this section, I will present the results and the most relevant
facts of my research about the António Andrade de Gouveia´s
most important works on chemistry. In fact, the most important
part of the work of António Andrade de Gouveia was in the field of
organic chemistry. From 1934 to 1960, António de Gouveia was
the scholar of the discipline of organic chemistry (theoretical and
practical) of the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Coimbra
. During this time, he published several articles related to
the study of the oleoresines of the pine, the determination of
vitamins, amino acids, the dipeptides, quinones, essential oils
and various synthetic products with the title «Quantitative
determination of vitamin A by the spectrophotometric method.
Study of some cod liver oils of Portuguese fishing companies»
, Quantitative determinations of vitamin A, ergostrol, vitamin
B2 (lactoffavin) and vitamin C by Physical-Chemical methods.
Study of the Bairrada red wine , Quantitative determination
of phytic acid. Study of bakery products from Oporto ,
Contribution to the chemical study of fish of the Portuguese
coast. Carotenoids of the sardine “Pilchardus Walbaum” ,
Bivalent cobalt complexes with resinous acids. Composition
and spectrophotometric study , Micro-analytical methods
of determination of plumbagina and related naphtoquinones,
in aqueous solutions and fisiological middle. Differences of
behavior with the structure .
As an international scientist, he had a collaboration with
the scholar R.A. Morton related with the problem of the
relationship between the structure and absorption spectra of
organic compounds. He published a number of papers related
with this issue, such as Chromophoric groups-Part I. Ultraviolet
absorption spectra of Indene and certain of its derivatives»
, Chromophoric groups-Part II. Absorption spectra of
naphthalene, hydronaphthalenes and related compounds .
These works were carried out in the Chemical Laboratory of the
Faculty of Sciences of the University of Coimbra, Office of visible
and ultraviolet spectrophotometry through donations by the
funds Sá Pinto and the Portuguese Institute of High Culture.
Furthermore, António Jorge Andrade de Gouveia also
published several papers linked to the History and Philosophy
of Science, particularly on chemistry, such as Compliment to
Professor Dr. D António Pereira Forjaz , Vicente de Seabra
and the chemical revolution in Portugal , The paradigms of
chemical affinity and the Faculty of Philosophy in the late 18th
century , 15th and 16th century books on chemical arts and
simple drugs, in bookstores of the University of Coimbra and
of colleges of Coimbra , Garcia d´Orta and Amato Lusitano
in the science of their time , Development of chemistry and
related sciences and the impact in the cultural and scientific
activities in Portugal .
António Andrade de Gouveia was arguably, an eminent
chemist of the 20th century at University of Coimbra. On 1st
September 1975, he retired and became a member of the
Association of former Students of Coimbra and the Institute of
Coimbra, as well as member in several national and international
scientific associations. Nowadays, there is an award named by
“Professor Andrade de Gouveia” that is attributed to the best
student of the Master’s degree in chemistry from the University
of Coimbra .