The Actuality and Demand for Establishing
Sports and Leisure Clubs for Students of a Giang
Dao Chanh Thuc*
*Department of Physical Education, A Giang University, Vietnam
Submission: March 14, 2019; Published: April 01, 2019
*Corresponding author: Dao Chanh Thuc, Department of Physical Education, A Giang University, Vietnam
How to cite this article: Dao Chanh Thuc. The Actuality and Demand for Establishing Sports and Leisure Clubs for Students of a Giang University,
Vietnam. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2019; 6(2): 555685. DOI:10.19080/JPFMTS.2018.05.555685
The research results are an evidence about the necessity for the establishment of the Recreational Sports club model for students completing the physical education program at a Giang University in a Giang province. By analyzing methods of domestic and foreign documents, expert interviews, modeling, medical, physiological function tests, pedagogical experiment and statistical mathematics. The author has demonstrated the necessity for the establishment of the Recreational Sports club model at a Giang University with the specific, scientific and logical results among the research subjects.
Keywords: Necessity; Recreational Sports Club; Students a Giang University
The training change from the year to the credit system of the University a Giang (AGU) is suitable with the development of higher education but it also deals with many difficulties such as organizing and managing the collective activities and extra-curriculum activities, especially extra-curriculum sport activities E Burton . Studies were evaluated state and proposed solutions for the development of extra-curriculum physical education and sport activities. These activities have been studied by many authors who have contributed to improve the quality of extra-curriculum sport activities for students Thanh. However, these studies are only interested in the general orientations such as building the content and organizing extra-curriculum physical education and sport activities for students at university, giving solutions to develop extra-curriculum sport within the school, the effective training of students in sport clubs at residence Nguyen Gang . They are only extra-curriculum sport activities temporarily and just to survey and evaluate the effective exercises of students in the school and other sport organizations Dao Chanh Thuc .
On the basis of the current regulations about the program framework of the Ministry of Education and Training, A Giang University has issued the physical education program for non-professional students with the following specific contents: Each student must perform 90 periods divided into 3 modules corresponding to first, second and third semester of the training process. If students just practice the main curriculums, they will not develop about physical fitness and skillful movements. With internalization state, it is said that the efficiency and quality of physical education is improved or not, depending on activities of the extracurricular Recreational Sports.
The study was conducted through some methods, namely integrated research and relevant literature reviews, experts’ interview, modeling, pedagogical, medical and psychological examinations, pedagogical experiments and statistical mathematics.
To solve this problem, through the interview method (Anket) 1223 students of A Giang University consists of 608 men and 615 women. Do students themselves participate in sports training and extracurricular recreation? And if so, what forms can they join? Research results are presented in (Table 1). With the question “Yes or No” about participating in extracurricular recreational sports activities. 1223 students were asked, there are 725 answer with 59.28%. From the above results, the demand of practice physical education and sports and extracurricular recreation of students at A Giang University is very large; They take part in sports and extracurricular recreation with various types of training:
i. The Type of Individual Self-Training: There are 394 students’
answers with 32.22% and 34 specialized students’ answers with
ii. The Type of group Self-Training: There are 265 students’
answers with 21.67% and 14 specialized students’ answers with
iii. The Type of training in School’s Sports Teams: There are 111
answers with 9.08% of students of other faculties and with 1.39%
iv. The Type of training in Recreational Sports Clubs at School:
There are 24.45% of students in other faculties and 1.72%
v. The Types of Training outside Sport Clubs: There are 14.72%
of specialized students and 2.13% of other respondents.
In general, sports activities and extracurricular recreation
of students at A Giang University are mainly in the form of
self-training. Organized forms of sport and extracurricular
recreation mainly practice in the sports teams of schools and
faculties. There isn’t recreational sports club in the school and
extracurricular physical education and sports and recreation activities at the socialist clubs outside A Giang University which
are also spontaneous (Table 2).
In order to have information about practicing sports
activities and extracurricular recreation in the faculties of AGU,
the study has conducted interviews with 1223 students at AGU
(Table 3). The result statistical Dao Chanh Thuc  is presented
in Table 3 shown that, over 1223 students were asked, there
were 260 answers “Regular practice” with 21.26%, 662 answers
“irregular practice “ with 54.13% and 301 answers completely
without practice with 24.761%. In order to find out the reason
why the number of people irregular and no practice with 78.74%
of the total. The study has conducted a survey to find out the
reason influenced to practice extracurricular recreational sports
of students at AGU.
The study has conducted a survey with 1223 students at AGU,
each student was asked to identify one or several reasons that
they thought it was really affected extracurricular recreational
sports activities in (Table 4). From the above results, the study has
considered that there are many different subjective and objective
causes that hinder practice extracurricular recreational sports
of students at AGU such as family economic conditions or doing
a part-time job. The causes of non-interest are also the reasons
that have a small proportion (24.53%). The pressure of the
training program is like equipping yourself a foreign language,
information technology or second diploma and weather that are
the reasons for relatively large proportions. Especially, lack or no
yards and facilities are the basic reason that makes the practice
extracurricular recreational sports activities limited and the rate
of regular practice physical education and sports of students is
still very low.
Through the survey results in Table 5 show that the number
of students at AGU participates in extracurricular recreational
sports activities about various types but mainly physical
education and sports activities and extracurricular recreation
by the self-practice form with 867 answers (70.89%). To step
by step, build a suitable, feasible extracurricular recreational
sports model, first of all, the study has to identify the necessity
of practice physical education and sports and extracurricular
recreation of students for this model. By the interview method
over 1223 students of the units at AGU. The survey results in
Tables 5 & 7 show that in 1223 students interviewed, there
were 867 agreements with 70.89% “The foundation of the
Extracurricular Recreational Sports Club”. This clearly reflects
the adequate awareness about cultural spirit and physical fitness
training and demonstrates serious demands when organizing,
guiding and practicing physical education and sports.
Through the above research results, the study was found
that there wasn’t a correlation between the state and the need
to establish the Recreational Sports Club. The necessity of
training sports and extracurricular recreation for students at
AGU is very urgent. However, the units in AGU have not been
able to establish the Recreational Sports Club because of the
lack of basic conditions to organize Sports and Extracurricular
Recreation activities especially, facilities and professional staffs.
To survey the necessity of the establishment Recreational
Sports Club, the study has conducted to find out the necessity
of training the favorite Recreational Sports activities of students
to organize activities in the club. The survey with 11 subjects
includes the subjects that are being conducted in the physical
education program such as volleyball, table tennis, football,
handball, basketball, badminton, shuttlecock, chess, martial arts
and some other sports are widely developing in the city such as
gym, Fitness, swimming pool. Each student is selected one or
several favorite subjects.
The survey results in Table 6 about selection of sports in 11
subjects with the following result: Football (33.20%), volleyball
(37.12%), Handball (29.60%), Badminton (33.28 %), Shuttlecock
(16.19%), table tennis (16.27%), chess (14.23%) and basketball
(19.54%).Especially, Martial arts (Karate) and GYM are selected
the most by students with Martial arts (57.24%) and GYM
(59.53%), because of investing about good gym rooms at AGU.
From analyzing the research results (Table 6), Experts’ AGU,
scientists and managers of culture and sports and other sports
departments said that the necessity of the establishment of the
Recreational Sports Club for students is absolutely essential. In
order to make effectively the model of Recreational Sports Club,
the study has conducted the survey about 1223 students, the
result is presented in (Table 7).
From the research results above, the study is found that the
favorite Recreational Sports subjects are mostly in the main
curriculum of students which have good training conditions.
Annually, these subjects are held traditional competitions of A
Giang province (outside GYM). According to the average of the
percentage of 3 interviewed groups, there are 7 subjects selected
relatively homogenous. Thus, there are 7 sports subjects which
are interested in choosing the establishment of the Recreational
Sports club at AGU including GYM, karate, volleyball, basketball,
Taekwondo, aerobics and billiards.
Some Benefits when establishing Recreational Sports
club for students at AGU: To consider the benefits when organizing
the Recreational Sports Club, the study has conducted
interviews with 20 professionals, 38 experts of AGU, 20 experts
about sports, 23 leaders of the provinces about sports department
and the managers and coaches of the Recreational Sports
organizations about the benefits will gain when implementing,
ii. Instructions for training.
iii. Number of trainees.
iv. School fees.
v. Legal basis
The result is presented in Table 8 All the interview contents
were got the convincing result (99.03%). Thereby, the study
has found that, if implementing the Recreational Sports Club,
it will ensure some advantageous conditions to organize
Extracurricular Recreational Sports activities for trainees (Table
About the state of training Recreational Sports club of
students at AGU: The Extracurricular Recreational Sports
activities of students now are mainly in the form of selftraining
activities (32.22%) and (21.67%); The Extracurricular
Recreational Sports activities are mainly organized and guided
by teams of schools and faculties (9.08%), spontaneous clubs
(24.45%) and at sports socialization facilities in and outside AGU
(14.72%). In recent years, the number of people practicing sport
at the clubs of A Giang University has increased dramatically,
typically in GYM, fusal, volleyball, Karate. However, the number
of participants is very low in comparison with the population in
the area .
The results of Physical Education and Sports and
extracurricular recreation of students at AGU are the same
with the remarks of Nguyen Gang . In his research, he judged
that “Students of universities in Hue City mostly train without
guidance. Nguyen Duc Thanh , also judged: “Most students
in universities in Ho Chi Minh City train without guidance too”.
The research results of Tran Kim Cuong commented: “The rate
of students participating in training sports and extracurricular
recreation is still very low (15%)”. The research results with
primary school students of author Nguyen Ngoc Viet  also
commented: “Sports activities and extracurricular recreation
are also spontaneous, not regular and not systematic, mainly
practiced according to season, freedom and no training
instructions”. Thus, the general state in extracurricular
recreational sports activities at different levels is not the
guidance and this is one of the factors that makes extracurricular
recreational sports activities of students not develop.
About the state of training recreational sports of students
at AGU: The research results in Table 3 reflect the reality of the
number of students who regularly practices sports and recreation
with 21.26%. This result is similar to the research of author
Nguyen Gang , about the state of training extracurricular
sports of students at Hue University (21.00%). This result is
lower than the number of regular trainees in Ho Chi Minh City
(22.40%) and the whole country (27.20% in 2013), the number
of students who regularly practices sports at AGU is very low.
The above research results are similar to the comments of author
Tran Thi Xoan : “The forms of extracurricular sports activities
are now very diverse but generally not regular and have not
become a habit among females’ students in Can Tho University”.
The number of students doesn’t completely practice and
occasionally practices with 78.74%. Through this issue, it can be
seen that there are many subjective and objective reasons that
make the training physical education and sports and recreation
not become a habit and passion in students. With political
stability, socio-economic development has created a premise
for the development of the sports career and entertainment
needs. The demand of mobility in life of people and especially
students are increasing. A great benefit for recreational sports
clubs outside is good coachs and instructors. At present, a large
number of individuals with professional training qualifications
after graduation, they also participate in training at recreational
sports clubs’ outsides [9-11].
Nguyen Gang, Dao Chanh Thuc (2015) Studying and building linked physical education and sport club model between Hue university and other sport organizations in the Hue city. Doctor thesis (In Vietnam).
Dao Chanh Thuc (a) (2018) Solutions for Development and Expansion of Physical Education and Sport Clubs at A Giang University-Viet Nam. Journal of Physical Education Research 5(2): 57-62.
Dao Chanh Thuc (b) (2018) Measurement in sports. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing.
Nguyen Duc Thanh (2013) Building the content and organization of extra-curricular physical education and sport activities of students at Universities in Ho Chi Minh City. Doctor thesis (In Vietnam).
Nguyen Ngoc Viet (2006) Theoretical basis for building extracurricular sports activities model There are guidelines for elementary students, Sports Science Journal (6), Institute of Sports Science, Hanoi, Vietnam p. 37-42.
Tran Thi Xoan (2006) Research and develop extracurricular sports forms suitable for female students of Can Tho University, Master thesis, Sports University II (in Vietnam).
Chrysostomos Kipouros (2011) Sport Marketing: Operational Structure - Foundation and Operation.
Pham Tat Thang (2002) Research on the effectiveness of the application physical education and sport club activities perfectly for students of Hanoi Foreign Languages University. Master thesis. (In Vietnam).