Excessive Exercise, Self-Respect and Olympic Education: Legacy in Rio de Janeiro-2016
Laboratory of Exercise Physiology (LAFIEX), Estácio de Sá University (UNESA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Submission: May 14, 2018; Published: May 21, 2018
*Corresponding author: Thiago Guimarães, Laboratory of Exercise Physiology (LAFIEX), Estácio de Sá University (UNESA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Email: email@example.com
How to cite this article: Guimarães T. Excessive Exercise, Self-Respect and Olympic Education: Legacy in Rio de Janeiro-2016. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 4(1): 555627. DOI: 10.19080/JPFMTS.2018.04.555627
Although hundreds of years ago it is believed that sports and gymnastics are essential to the development of the human body to optimize functional capacity and mind , increasingly research in the sciences of exercise and sport shows the beneficial effects of exercise, in addition to the International Olympic Committee try to propagate the idea “sports to protect the health”  and “well-being and healthy lifestyle” , we are experiencing a worldwide pandemic of physical inactivity . Physical inactivity is one of the main causes related to the development of non-communicable chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, several types of cancer, mental disorders, bones and joints . According to the World Health Organization 2012, in addition to causing suffering, functional dependence, intangible costs on health systems and reduced quality of life, these diseases account for 58.5% of all deaths worldwide.
On the other hand, physicians speculate that excess of exercise impacts negatively in health since years before Christ . Side effects of physical training can represent the same public health problem in comparison of physical inactivity , but we can observe that the culture of pain without moderation is a reality among competition or recreation athletes, coaches and others sports. We can see that athletes not only in our times but also in ancient times suffered from overtraining and health injuries due to extreme exercise .
Olympic Games and its values were the most influential sporting phenomenon in western civilization, impacting in the development of health and democracy . The cult of physical effort and harmony, that is, the excess combined with moderation is one of the numerous ideas inherent to Olympic education . One of the main objectives of Olympic Education and Olympic Movement is to provoke reflection about essential values related to human development, gradually committed in the modern world by capital power. In addition to tolerance, equality, fair play, truce, excellence and joy of effort , Olympic Education has also the role of discussing the promotion of health, respect for oneself, your body and that of the other.
The promotion of health, although already considered by researchers and professionals of Physical Education and Sports Sciences in different countries, has not received enough attention in the context of Olympic Education. The subject health promotion appeared during the ancient Olympic Games since the care of athletes and prevention of injuries was specialist services provided by instructors. Discussions in this context are important because of their educational dimension and the understanding that health promotion is directly related to Olympic principles and values.
Unpublished data from our laboratory (LAFIEX-UNESA) indicate that physical education students from a Brazilian city are not able to identify the broad meaning of Olympism besides the crucial idea of harmony and moderation in training. Statistics revealed that less than half of our sample with 433 students answered correct options about Olympism and paradox of exercise and training. Although Rio de Janeiro has hosted the last Olympic Games, the legacy in this area of Olympic Education is questionable. Olympic Education in university could provoke future physical education teachers to rethink paradigms, as the culture of pain without moderation, and values associated to the human progress, as an appreciation of sports and health with balance and responsibility .
Physical inactivity is a public health problem and overtraining can also contribute to the development of pathologies and reduction of quality of life. Olympic Education seems to be a tool to stimulate discussions that promote people’s health through exercise and sports. Integration policies between International and National Olympic Committees could provide training for university professors in relation to Olympic Education. University students and future professionals, in turn, could multiply and spread their diverse contents in society.