Strength and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Pedro Victor Nogueira de Souza and Alexandre Lima de Araújo Ribeiro*
Faculty of Physical Education, University of Brasilia, Brazil
Submission: January 11, 2020; Published: January 22, 2020
*Corresponding author: Alexandre Lima de Araújo Ribeiro, Professor in Faculty of Physical Education, University of Brasilia, Brasília, Brazil
How to cite this article: Pedro Victor Nogueira de Souza, Alexandre Lima de Araújo Ribeiro. Strength and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Int J Pul & Res Sci. 2020; 4(3): 555640. DOI: 10.19080/IJOPRS.2020.04.555640
Muscle strength is a physical capacity that is associated with good health and consequently better quality of life, mental health, among other benefits. Therefore, muscle strength has been indicated as an important marker of mortality Cooper, Kuh, Hardy, & Mortality Review Group . A way to maintain and increase muscle strength is Resistance Training (RT), which can be performed with machines, dumbbells, free weights, elastic bands, among other specific materials for muscle overload Ratamess . The RT (or strength training) can improve fitness and physical performance Ratamess . In addition, the RT can decrease the risk of mortality from various causes Kim ; Saeidifard . However, to reach the expected goal with RT there are variables to be manipulated and health conditions to be taken into account Fleck & Kraemer .
Strength & disease
Some diseases can alter the individual’s physical capacities, such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) affects the muscles, thus affecting strength. The muscle dysfunction caused by COPD includes peripheral and respiratory muscles. The peripheral muscle dysfunction is associated with fitness and physical performance in physical activities usually resulting in reduction muscle strength, quality of life, what consequently with elevated health-care use and mortality risk Maltais . Already the respiratory muscle dysfunction limits the skeletal muscle performance in physical exercise by metabolic and cardiorespiratory factors during physical exercises, and normally the dyspnea is one of the main causes of these limitations Stendardi, Binazzi, & Scano, . Therefore, the treatment of the dyspnea can be one form of COPD combat or delay. And one form of treatment of the dyspnea is strength training. As already show in several studies upper and lower limb muscle strength and endurance to decrease in patients with COPD as the obstruction level increases. However, the strength training can be improving not only peripheral muscle strength and activities daily living performance but decreases dyspnea during exercises and activities of daily living Calik-Kutukcu ; Kaymaz ; Miranda, Malaguti, & Corso, . Liao  in your systematic review with meta-analysis showed that dyspnea scale scores, skeletal muscle strength, and lung function improved following resistance training. Thus, incorporate the upper limb strength training in pulmonary rehabilitation is recommended to reduce dyspnea Kruapanich . So as shown increasing of the muscle strength is effective strategy not only to reduce all-cause mortality risk but also is a reliable and feasible treatment for COPD patients.
Conflict of Interest
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