Dysphagia is a disorder of movement that causes either discomfort or difficulty swallowing liquid foods such as solids. Dysphagia is often associated with pathology, but not necessarily. Speech therapist treats dysphagia through rehabilitation.
a) Definition of dysphagia
b) Dysphagia is a symptom that disrupts the swallowing process
c) What is swallowing?
When we ingest food, they are chewed and then directed to the stomach without it implying the airways. It’s swallowing. This mechanism, when disturbed, can initiate the functional and vital prognosis of the person who is affected. This is called dysphagia or swallowing disorders (TD).
a) Dysphagia: a variable symptom
b) Dysphagia can vary from simple discomfort to food passage to food blockade of solids; in this case it is a complete dysphagia.
c) It can also prevent the passage of liquids: it is called aphagia.
d) Dysphagia can be permanent, intermittent, and sometimes even allow easier passage to solid than liquid foods.
It is necessary to distinguish between constant dysphagia linked to the swallowing of food (organic damage) and the difficulty of swallowing encountered in an anxious person. The diagnosis must also eliminate cancer of the aero-digestive tract. Here are the successive stages of the diagnosis of so-called esophageal dysphagia, in which the sensation of discomfort is situated in the thoracic cage (Table 2).