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A Systematic Survey of Sleep-Related in
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Ghasem Sadeghi Bajestani*, Zahra Karimnezhad and Elyas Irankhah
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Imam Reza International University, Iran
Submission: November 18, 2018, 2018; Published: January 18, 2019
*Corresponding author: Ghasem Sadeghi Bajestani, Center for Computational Neuroscience Research, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Imam Reza International University, Razavi Khorasan, Asrar St., Daneshgah St., Mashhad, Islamic Republic of Iran
How to cite this article: Ghasem S B, Zahra K, Elyas I. A Systematic Survey of Sleep-Related in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Curr Trends
Biomedical Eng & Biosci. 2019; 17(5): 555974.
Keywords: Brain sections; Signals processing; Delta Band
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a software problem in interactions between different brain sections, which causes problems in social interactions. One of the main problems in this disorder is the issue of diagnosis. So, for the diagnosis disorder the golden age is before 18 months. But the age of which clinical signs of autism are recognizable is between 2 and 3 years . On the one hand, one of the most unpleasant complaints among parents of children with autism is sleeping problems of more than 40-80% in these children while this problem is growing by 25-40% in normal children . So if we can diagnosis of child with autism by brain signals processing, we’ve taken a big step toward achieving a diagnosis of golden age.
We know that recording brain signals from children in awakening state is difficult, because we cannot attention of child to the subject matter and execute the signaling protocol
perfectly, so we go to the children’s record of brain at during a normal sleep (sleep without medication and external symptoms), because in sleep mode, we take them from consciousness state to subconscious state. By doing this, we create the same conditions for comparing child with autistic and normal child .
Studies during sleep, in addition to leading to the detection of autism, can also help in during of treatment of these children. For example, it can be seen that during the activity of the Delta Band of brain signals, especially at sleep stage 2, suddenly decreases from the forehead to the posterior part. This topic indicates the unusual Thalamocortical function, which also shows an abnormal relationship between the forehead area and the procedural sensory-motor memory encoding . Typically, these signals are recorded by a polysomnographic machine (PSG). Several studies have been conducted in this regard that examined the relationship between sleep and challenging symptoms of ASD (Table 1) .