Methodology for the Structuring of the Negotiation of Biotechnology Products with Intangible Assets Associated
Dora García Delgado* and Maritza Ortíz Torres
Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Havana, Havana University, Cuba
Submission: : April 24, 2017; Published:may 4, 2017
*Corresponding author: Dora Garcia Delgado, Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Havana, Havana University, Cuba, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
How to cite this article: Dora G D, Maritza O T. Methodology for the Structuring of the Negotiation of Biotechnology Products with Intangible Assets Associated. Curr Trends Biomedical Eng & Biosci. 2017; 4(1): 555626. DOI: 10.19080/CTBEB.2017.04.555626.
In the methodology each step of the sequence shown is explained and a theoretical fundament or a result of the observance is given. In the intangible valuation the way to calculate each element is detailed.
To fix the price of a novel product with patent the sales cost is not considered but it's proposed how to calculate the price of biotechnology products in three typical cases:
I. A novel product indicated for a health problem for which there is no alternative drugs, a unique product, it's proposed to take as reference the cost of the present treatment (there is no drug, but a surgery or other therapy is used) adjusting such value in dependence of the strengths and weakness of the new product. It's suggested to negotiate this price on the base of the advantages of a phamacoeconomy study. On the base of the practical experience in this case a market penetration between 10% and 15% is proposed to calculate the market size
II. When a product is a novel one but there are others products in the market indicated for the same health problem but the new one is more effective and may be consider a new generation of the drug, on the base of the patent strength and the advantages concerning the other products in the market, the price may be higher than the price of the other products, then an strategy canvas  is recommended in order to know the pricing position of the novel concerning the other products and in spite of the advantage an adjustment in the
price should be done during negotiation if necessary, but never drop the price at the competitors level. On the base of the practical experience in this case a market penetration between 5 % and 10% is proposed to calculate the market size
III. Biosimilars, in which case the reference for fix the price is the patent product's price but biosimilar price should be fixed under patent product price. On the base of the practical experience in this case a market penetration between 1 % and 5% is proposed to calculate the market size Considering that a patent guaranty a novel result protection during 20 years, that a novel result is patented in the early stages of its development and that a product development takes around 10 years, 10 years is the time period proposed to consider to make the cash flow of the early stage project.
To calculate the net present value (NPV) the discount rate applied is 15% for novel products and for advanced stages of development projects and 18% for early stages projects. Once the traditional NPV is calculated the risk in the clinical development is considered discounting from NPV a risk percent in order to obtain the VAN adjust to clinical risk (rNPV).
To separate the intangible value from the rNPV in the case of a patent and a project in advance stage of development it's proposed to combine the risk adjusted discounted cash flow and the technological factor methods. To separate the intangible value of a trademark, Inter brand method is applied. The result from the application of the proposed methods combination in different cases was a range from 6% to 12% for the factor to be applied to the rNPV in order to separate the mentioned intangibles value in a biotechnology product.
Once the intangible value is separated in the methodology the ranges and values of the payment to perform before and during the commercial stages are proposed, this ranges and values are the same published by the author in Applied Biotechnology journal .