Contributions of Music Therapy on Perceptive Physiological of Well-Being of Alcohol and Drug Users
Domingos-Souza Gean1*, Mariana Ferreira Sousa2, Carlos Albertos Sellis2 and Jessica Adrielle Teixeira Santos3
1Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri, USA
2Paulista State University, Brazil
3Department of Psychiatric Nursing and Human Sciences, University of São Paulo, Brazil
Submission: February 08, 2018;; Published: February 13, 2018
*Corresponding author: Domingos-Souza Gean, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Department of Medical Pharmacology and Physiology, Dalton
Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Missouri, 134 Research Park Drive, Columbia, MO, 65211, USA, Tel: +1 352 815 6797; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
How to cite this article: Domingos-Souza Gean, Mariana Ferreira Sousa, Carlos Albertos Sellis, Jessica Adrielle Teixeira Santos. Contributions of Music
Therapy on Perceptive Physiological of Well-Being of Alcohol and Drug Users. Anatomy Physiol Biochem Int J: 2018; 4(2): 555633. DOI: 10.19080/APBIJ.2018.04.555633.
Music therapy is a flexible treatment modality, able to promote wellness, facilitate symptom management, and improve the quality of life of those with mental illnesses. Also, the use of music therapy in individuals who abuse alcohol and drugs contributes to an increase in the perceptive physiological of well-being, and this may directly implicate the way in which they adhere to treatment.
Keywords: Physiological; Music therapy; Illicit drugs; Alcoholism; Psychiatric nursing
Abbreviations: CAPSad: Centers for Psychosocial Support Alcohol and Drugs
From the beginnings of civilization music accompanies man throughout his life, and among other meanings it acts as a way of arousing feelings . Music can also behave with a remedy for the mind and body as it affects the physical, emotional, cognitive and social needs of individuals of all ages. Research and clinical experience leave little doubt that music influences neural processing. Trained music therapists harness this ability to effect therapeutic change across multiple treatment domains . Music therapy is a flexible treatment modality, able to promote wellness, facilitate symptom management, and improve the quality of life of those with mental illnesses. Qualified, credentialed music therapists use active and passive music therapy interventions to target specific objectives like improving mood, increasing compliance and motivation, and enhancing emotional expression. Data suggest that music therapy intervention results in clinical improvement in individuals with a range of mental health needs, and these benefits are seen among individuals with varying diagnoses, ages, and ethnicities. The data also suggest that music therapy is cost effective, has little adverse effects, and is well received by those with mental illnesses .
In Brazil, public policies and national guidelines determine that health care for individuals with diagnoses of problems related to the use of psychoactive substances should preferably be performed at the Centers for Psychosocial Support Alcohol and Drugs (CAPSad) . Besides the use of conventional treatment techniques, these health services prioritize psychosocial interventions as the main strategy of socialization and social inclusion, as well as music therapy. The music therapy workshops in a therapeutic environment have minimized through the playfulness the patients’ difficulties in performing the most diverse treatments, where it becomes possible to better communicate with these patients, showing them in a more understandable way the relationship between coping with problems and prepare them to face new situations [5,6]. In this sense, evidence shows that music provides a facilitating environment in the process of recovering users . Other studies have found the benefits of music therapy in different clinical situations, influencing physiological variations that include even cardiac parameters (blood pressure, heart rate), respiratory, nervous (electroencephalogram), as well as endocrine and immune systems improvement [8-11].
Aiming to explore the benefits of music therapy, the authors
verified the impact of the use of music therapy on the Subjective
Well-Being of alcohol and drug users enrolled in a Psychosocial
Alcohol and Drug II Care Center (CAPSad). The music workshops
were conducted daily by a trained professional, lasting one
hour each. At the end of one week the index of satisfaction
of the participation in the workshop was measured by the
scale of Subjective Well-Being . The results indicate a
significant improvement on the feeling of positive affection
after the termination of music therapies. These findings allow
the reflection on the use of music in favor of the individual, to
obtain better results in the patient’s compliance and adherence
during the treatment, transposing the barriers that hinder this
process, generating physical, psychic and social well-being of the
individual . Music as a therapeutic language provides to the
individual an approximation with his social reality, since music
has cultural factors, capable of reconnecting the patient with his
cultural values. Thus, favoring the reconstruction of his history
since treatment to drug users is a long and painful process for
both the user and the family .
The use of music therapy in individuals who abuse alcohol and
drugs contributes to an increase in the physiological perception
of well-being, and this may directly implicate the way in which
they adhere to treatment. The experiences of the researchers,
plus the results obtained in this intervention, evidences the need
for future investigations, to improve the strategies adopted by
professionals working in this area.