Child development is the subject of interest from different disciplinary areas and different professionals. In this article, we intend to reflect on development and learning related to culture, thinking of paremiological expressions as pedagogical resources in the surveillance of the child taking into account the development areas of Mary Sheridan. To this end, a research was carried out in the paremiology scope of passive generational messages to reflect child development. Behavior/social adaptation and emotions were the most found.
The child is a product of several factors: adaptive evolution of his species, the genes of the parents, the social physical environment and also the cultural environment in which he lives and interacts Pinto . Development refers to a complex, continuous, dynamic and progressive transformation in relation to growth, maturation, learning and psychic and social aspects. It is mediated by other people, families, health professionals, and educators who delimit and attribute meanings to their reality Secretary of State for Health . Culture encompasses multiple
knowledge, including popular wisdom, constituting through the relationship between man and nature. With the cultural repertoire, human beings use forms of communication, such as orality, to transmit it, which includes expressions as a means of acquiring knowledge necessary for survival and as an instrument of resistance to the globalized world. Vitor & Santos  Chart 1 shows that in the area of behavior and social adaptation where more expressions were found. Related to fine motricity no expressionwasfound (Table 1).
The child’s motor development is gradual. In a short time,
they move from one acquisition to another. In order to have a
good cognitive and motor development, it needs to be stimulated.
The child’s interactions with parents are fundamental to social
and emotional development. Development also depends and
is different from the place and culture where they live. Basic
development such as crawling, speaking, walking, in any culture
will occur in the same way, but it may not be in the same age group.
It follows that their assessment must be carried out systematically,
in order to be able to detect some deviations early. This evaluation
is particularly important, and its application is recommended by
the National Program for Child and Youth Health of the Ministry
of Health .
The importance of understanding the relationship between
culture, learning and education takes on greater importance if we
think that we increasingly interact in a multicultural society. And it
will be, this individual and at the same time collective relationship,
that will foster a process of coexistence that will result in the
improvement of interactions and learning.
The paremiological expressions found reveal that the child’s
acquisitions are progressive, occur from the simplest to the most
complex and depend on a set of interactions. For learning to take
place, for example, moderation, affections are extremely important.
In terms of global motricity and language, as expected, he walks
the year and speaks at the age of two . Also underlying is the
continuous process of competencies dependent on interactionwith the environment . These messages, when contextualized,
can be an important tool in promoting the development / learning
and training of parents in processes of interaction and promotion
of safety . Cultural influence still remains in the various
manifestations and approaches in children, hence a harmonious
relationship between scientific and cultural knowledge is possible.
Due to their sound and rhythm, they can contribute to the
approach of child development in a more motivating way. If it is
true that “closed books do not make literate”, also “in any situation
we can have a proverb always at hand”.